Buddhism Student Notes Page

Buddhism Student Notes Page
Buddhism Student Notes Page
Buddhism Student Notes Page
Buddhism Student Notes Page
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Topics include
The “middle way of wisdom and compassion”

1. A _________________ yr old tradition that began in ________________ and spread & diversified throughout the Far East

2. A philosophy, religion, and spiritual practice followed by more than __________________ people

3. Based on the teachings of the __________________

The Three Jewels of Buddhism
1. Buddha the _____________________
2. Dharma – ______________________
3. Sangha – _______________________

Who was the Buddha?
1. Born ___________________________________ – of noble caste in India, 563 B.C.E.

2. Raised in great luxury to be a king

3. Empathy for the _______________of others; at age 29 rejected the life of luxury to seek enlightenment and the solution to suffering

4. Followed a strict ascetic lifestyle for ___________________

5. Rejected this extreme, sat in meditation, achieved ______________________– an awakening to the truth about life, becoming a Buddha, the “Awakened One”at the age of 35

6. Spent the remaining 45 years of his life teaching others how to ____________________________ he had achieved

What did the Buddha teach?
1. The Four Noble Truths:
a. To live is to_______________________
b. The cause of suffering ______________________________________
c. The solution is to eliminate desire and attachment, thus achieving ___________________________ (“extinction”)
d. The way to Nirvana is through the “________________________________”

2. What is the Eight-Fold Path?
• Right __________________
• Right __________________
Moral discipline:
• Right _________________
• Right _________________
• Right _________________
Mental discipline:
• Right _________________
• Right ________________
• Right _________________

How does Buddhism differ from Hinduism?
Buddhism rejects…
1. Authority of the ancient _________________

2. The Vedic ____________________

3. The __________________ and ______________ deities

4. The efficacy of Vedic worship and ______________________

5. The concept of __________________________

What do Buddhists believe?
1. ________________________ (reincarnation) results from attachments (karma)

2. _____________________ is a peaceful, detached state of mind

3. Achieving Nirvana means escape from the ________________________________

4. Once Gautama Buddha died, after 80 years of life in this world, having achieved Nirvana and teaching multitudes his way of life, he ceased to exist as a distinct being

5. Buddhism is _________________________: Buddha is not the Buddhist God – he is just a revered teacher

Buddhist Metaphysics
1. _____________: life in this world is filled with suffering

2. ______________: everything in this world is impermanent

3. _______________:the self/soul is also impermanent – there is no eternal, unchanging self (“no soul” – no atman)

4. _________________________________– achieve a balanced, peaceful, detached state of mind and suffering can be extinguished (Nirvana)

What are some Buddhist texts?
1. Tripitaka (the Pali Cannon) – the “Three Baskets”:
_______________ (“discipline”) – rules for monastic life
_______________ (“discourse”) – sermons of the Buddha
_______________ (metaphysical “teachings”)
2. _________________ – collected sayings of the Buddha
3. Other texts used by specific schools

Schools of Buddhism - Theravada
The “Way of the Elders” (a.k.a.: the “small vehicle”)
1. Oldest school of Buddhism

2. Found in ______________ (Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, etc.)

3. ____________________ is the ideal life for achieving Nirvana

4. A “__________________” approach to enlightenment

5. Focus on wisdom and meditation

6. Goal is to become a __________________

7. Fairly unified in belief & practice (some cultural differences)

Schools of Buddhism - Mahayana
The “Great Vehicle”
1. Developed first century C.E.

2. Found in ____________________ (China, Japan, etc.)

3. ____________________ – Buddhism “for the masses”

4. Devotional – seek guidance from ____________________ (“wise beings”) & heavenly Buddhas (kwan Yin, Amida, etc.)

5. Focus on ____________________

6. Goal is to become a bodhisattva and assist others toward enlightenment (the “Bodhisattva Ideal”)

7. Diverse schools and sects including:
Pureland, Nichiren, Tendai, Shingon, and others

Schools of Buddhism – Tibetan
Vajrayana – the “Diamond Vehicle”
1. Developed 7th century C.E.

2. A mix of Theravada & Mahayana:

Rituals (____________________):
Mantras (chanting)
Mandalas & Thankas (symbolic images)
Mudras (hand gestures)
Bodhisattvas, including living Lamas (____________________)
Meditation, monasticism, wisdom & compassion
3. ____________________ -Tibetan Book of the Dead

Schools of Buddhism – Zen
The “meditation” school:
1. Lay and monastic

2. Seeks sudden enlightenment (____________________) through meditation, arriving at emptiness (sunyata) and the “Buddha Nature”

3. Use of meditation masters (____________________)

4. ____________________ (paradoxical riddles to confound reason)

5. Beauty, arts & aesthetics – gardens, archery, the tea ceremony, calligraphy, etc.
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Buddhism Student Notes Page
Buddhism Student Notes Page
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