Buddhism Student Notes Page

Buddhism Student Notes Page
Buddhism Student Notes Page
Buddhism Student Notes Page
Buddhism Student Notes Page
Buddhism Student Notes Page
Buddhism Student Notes Page
Buddhism Student Notes Page
Buddhism Student Notes Page
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Topics include
The “middle way of wisdom and compassion”

1. A _________________ yr old tradition that began in ________________ and spread & diversified throughout the Far East

2. A philosophy, religion, and spiritual practice followed by more than __________________ people

3. Based on the teachings of the __________________

The Three Jewels of Buddhism
1. Buddha the _____________________
2. Dharma – ______________________
3. Sangha – _______________________

Who was the Buddha?
1. Born ___________________________________ – of noble caste in India, 563 B.C.E.

2. Raised in great luxury to be a king

3. Empathy for the _______________of others; at age 29 rejected the life of luxury to seek enlightenment and the solution to suffering

4. Followed a strict ascetic lifestyle for ___________________

5. Rejected this extreme, sat in meditation, achieved ______________________– an awakening to the truth about life, becoming a Buddha, the “Awakened One”at the age of 35

6. Spent the remaining 45 years of his life teaching others how to ____________________________ he had achieved

What did the Buddha teach?
1. The Four Noble Truths:
a. To live is to_______________________
b. The cause of suffering ______________________________________
c. The solution is to eliminate desire and attachment, thus achieving ___________________________ (“extinction”)
d. The way to Nirvana is through the “________________________________”

2. What is the Eight-Fold Path?
• Right __________________
• Right __________________
Moral discipline:
• Right _________________
• Right _________________
• Right _________________
Mental discipline:
• Right _________________
• Right ________________
• Right _________________

How does Buddhism differ from Hinduism?
Buddhism rejects…
1. Authority of the ancient _________________

2. The Vedic ____________________

3. The __________________ and ______________ deities

4. The efficacy of Vedic worship and ______________________

5. The concept of __________________________

What do Buddhists believe?
1. ________________________ (reincarnation) results from attachments (karma)

2. _____________________ is a peaceful, detached state of mind

3. Achieving Nirvana means escape from the ________________________________

4. Once Gautama Buddha died, after 80 years of life in this world, having achieved Nirvana and teaching multitudes his way of life, he ceased to exist as a distinct being

5. Buddhism is _________________________: Buddha is not the Buddhist God – he is just a revered teacher

Buddhist Metaphysics
1. _____________: life in this world is filled with suffering

2. ______________: everything in this world is impermanent

3. _______________:the self/soul is also impermanent – there is no eternal, unchanging self (“no soul” – no atman)

4. _________________________________– achieve a balanced, peaceful, detached state of mind and suffering can be extinguished (Nirvana)

What are some Buddhist texts?
1. Tripitaka (the Pali Cannon) – the “Three Baskets”:
_______________ (“discipline”) – rules for monastic life
_______________ (“discourse”) – sermons of the Buddha
_______________ (metaphysical “teachings”)
2. _________________ – collected sayings of the Buddha
3. Other texts used by specific schools

Schools of Buddhism - Theravada
The “Way of the Elders” (a.k.a.: the “small vehicle”)
1. Oldest school of Buddhism

2. Found in ______________ (Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, etc.)

3. ____________________ is the ideal life for achieving Nirvana

4. A “__________________” approach to enlightenment

5. Focus on wisdom and meditation

6. Goal is to become a __________________

7. Fairly unified in belief & practice (some cultural differences)

Schools of Buddhism - Mahayana
The “Great Vehicle”
1. Developed first century C.E.

2. Found in ____________________ (China, Japan, etc.)

3. ____________________ – Buddhism “for the masses”

4. Devotional – seek guidance from ____________________ (“wise beings”) & heavenly Buddhas (kwan Yin, Amida, etc.)

5. Focus on ____________________

6. Goal is to become a bodhisattva and assist others toward enlightenment (the “Bodhisattva Ideal”)

7. Diverse schools and sects including:
Pureland, Nichiren, Tendai, Shingon, and others

Schools of Buddhism – Tibetan
Vajrayana – the “Diamond Vehicle”
1. Developed 7th century C.E.

2. A mix of Theravada & Mahayana:

Rituals (____________________):
Mantras (chanting)
Mandalas & Thankas (symbolic images)
Mudras (hand gestures)
Bodhisattvas, including living Lamas (____________________)
Meditation, monasticism, wisdom & compassion
3. ____________________ -Tibetan Book of the Dead

Schools of Buddhism – Zen
The “meditation” school:
1. Lay and monastic

2. Seeks sudden enlightenment (____________________) through meditation, arriving at emptiness (sunyata) and the “Buddha Nature”

3. Use of meditation masters (____________________)

4. ____________________ (paradoxical riddles to confound reason)

5. Beauty, arts & aesthetics – gardens, archery, the tea ceremony, calligraphy, etc.
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