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Building Shade Structures {Aligns with NGSS K-PS3-2, K-2-ETS1-1, K-2-ETS1-2}

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81 MB|17 pages
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This unit is part of the larger packet Weather and Temperature

Each of the 3 Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) for Grade K- “Weather and Climate” and “Engineering” (STEM) are addressed in this packet:
K-PS3-2: Use tools and materials to design and build a structure that will reduce the warming effect of sunlight on an area.

K-2-ETS1-1: Ask questions, make observations, and gather information about a situation people want to change to define a simple problem that can be solved through the development of a new or improved object or tool

K-2-ETS1-2: Develop a simple sketch, drawing, or physical model to illustrate how the shape of an object helps it function as needed to solve a given problem

Challenge your students to build a shade structure using recyclable materials to protect little paper monsters from the sun! Your students will be engineers – designing and building shade structures to see if they can reduce the warming effect of sunlight on an area. There is a short story (3 slides I project onto my whiteboard) presenting the problem your students must solve: monsters want to play outdoors but it’s just too hot and they need some shade. I included patterns to make cute little monster cones that can be put under the shade structure. Students must first draw their design ideas (worksheet provided) then they actually build a 3-dimensional structure out of recyclable materials (paper towel tubes, food containers, etc.). We then measure the effectiveness of the structure by taking the temperature of the monsters play area with and without the shade structure. Thermometer worksheet provided. The temperature was at least 10 degrees cooler under the structures my students built! My students love when I give them engineering projects – I don’t tell them how to build, I don’t tell them the best structure to create – I encourage them to design and create on their own - the ideas must come entirely from them! Their creativity never ceases to amaze me! Photos of my students’ work provided.

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Please note: these units are for the use of one educator.
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