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Bundle of 3 - Landmark Supreme Court Cases - Rulinigs Involving Students

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4 MB|49 pages
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This is a bundle of 3 highly animated, power point presentations on Landmark Supreme Court Cases involving issues with students. Landmark Supreme Court Cases are those cases whose rulings have had far reaching impact on citizen rights in the United States. Both presentations together number 49 slides. Each of the presentation slides are editable so you can change them to fit your individual needs.

John and Mary Beth Tinker, aged 13 and 16 respectively, attended public school in Des Moines, IA. In December, 1965, they and their parents attended a meeting to discuss ways of protesting the Vietnam War. The group decided to publicly wear black armbands as a symbol of their protest.

When the school principals heard about the decision at the meeting, they passed a rule that prohibited the wearing of an armband in school; those who would refuse to remove an armband would be suspended from school until it was removed. The Tinkers, aware of the new rule, wore their armbands to school. During the day no classes were disorderly and school went on as usual. The school had established a policy permitting students to wear several political symbols, but had excluded the wearing of armbands protesting the Vietnam War. Before the end of the day, the Tinkers were suspended by the school principal.

After losing in the lower courts, in a 7-2 decision, the Supreme Court ruled that the students had the right to wear armbands to school to protest the Vietnam War citing "...students do not abandon their civil rights at the school house door....“

Power point presentation #1 is entitled, Landmark Supreme Court Case - Tinker v. Des Moines contains 13 slides and covers the following:

Tinker v. Des Moines Map
Who Were the Tinkers?
School Policy
Lost in the District Court
Lost in the Court of Appeals
Two Sides of the Argument
The Supreme Court Ruling (2)
End of Presentation

The case concerned "The Spectrum," a student newspaper which was published as part of a journalism class at Hazelwood East High School in St. Louis County, MO. The Spectrum was written and edited as part of the Journalism II class at the school, published roughly every 3 weeks during the 1982-1983 school year.

On May 10, 1983, Howard Emerson, the adviser to the journalism class, submitted page proofs of the May 13 issue of the newspaper to principal Robert Reynolds for approval, a practice which was customary at the time. Reynolds objected to 2 of the stories scheduled to run.One was a story concerning teen pregnancy and referenced student sexual activity and birth control.The other referenced divorce of the parents of a student in the school.

After consulting with his supervisors, Reynolds opted to publish a 4-page newspaper instead of a 6-page one, omitting the pages containing the 2 stories. In response, editor Cathy Kuhlmeier and reporters Leslie Smart and Leanne Tippett, filed suit in January 1984.

The students after winning in the lower courts, in a 5-3 ruling, the Supreme Court overturned the decision of the circuit. Its majority opinion set a precedent that school-sponsored activities, including student newspapers and drama productions are not normally protected from administrative censorship by the 1st Amendment.

Power point presentation #2 is entitled, Landmark Supreme Court Case - Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier contains 16 slides and covers the following:

The Case
Two Objections
Issue #1
Issue #2
Lawsuit Filed
District Court Ruling
Court of Appeals Ruling
Supreme Court Ruing
Opinions of the Court (2)
Impact of the Case (2)
Did the Supreme Court Get it Right?
End of Presentation

Power point presentation #3 is entitled, Landmark Supreme Court Case - In re Gault v. United States contains 16 slides and covers the following:The morning of June 8, 1964, a neighbor, Ora Cook, complained of receiving an inappropriate and offensive telephone call from 15 year old Gerald Gault. The sheriff of Gila County, AZ, took Gault into custody without notifying Gault's parents. After returning home from work that evening to find her son missing, Gault's mother eventually located him at the county Children's Detention Home but was not permitted to take him home.

According to Gault, his friend Ronald Lewis made the call from the Gault family's trailer. Gault claims that Lewis had asked to use the telephone while Gault was getting ready for work.

At the hearing, Judge McGhee found "that said minor is a delinquent child, and that said minor is of the age of 15 years", ordering him confined at the State Industrial School until he is 21, unless sooner discharged by due process of law." The charge listed in the report prepared by the county probation officers was "Lewd Phone Calls”. Had Gault been convicted as an adult, the punishment was a maximum prison sentence of 2 months and a fine of $5 to $50.

Upon appeal of the harsh sentence and subsequent review of Judge MaGhee's rulings, in an 8–1 decision, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Gault's commitment to the State Industrial School was a violation of the 14th Amendment. He had been denied the right to an attorney, had not been formally notified of the charges against him, had not been informed of his right against self-incrimination, and had no opportunity to confront his accusers.

Power point presentation #3 is entitled, Landmark Supreme Court Case - In re Gault v. United States contains 20 slides and covers the following:

Background
Gault’s Story
Judge McGhee
Sentencing
Additional Facts
No Appeal
McGhee’s Statements
Arizona Law
McGhee’s Rulings (2)
Basis of Court Appeal (2)
Supreme Court Decision
Majority Opinion
Dissenting Opinions
Significance of the Ruling
Did the Supreme Court Get it Right?
American Juvenile Justice

This is one of many bundled power point presentations I offer in my store under the heading.... Landmark Supreme Court Cases.
Total Pages
49
Answer Key
N/A
Teaching Duration
N/A
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