This is a bundle of 3 highly animated, power point presentations on the Kingdoms of Medieval Africa - Ghana, Mali & The Songhai. All three presentations together number 53 slides. Each of the presentation slides are editable so you can change them to fit your individual needs.
The Kingdom of Ghana existed around 500 to 1200s CE. Today the region makes up the countries of Mali and Mauritania, not the present country of Ghana. It is unknown how the Kingdom of Ghana started. It was already flourishing by 900CE when Arab scholars began recording information from early traders. By 1000 BCE, the nation had undergone expansion and take control of large portions of land near the Niger and Senegal Rivers.
The region was rich in gold and its acquisition meant that Ghana would become a leading force in the trans-Sahara trade network. Eventually, in the mid 11th century, the Almoravids, a Muslim group launched a devastating invasion on the capitol city of Kombi. Ghana recovered and forced the invaders to withdraw.
A little less than 200 years later, Ghana had become weakened by a scarcity of natural resources like water and trees. In 1240 CE, Ghana was invaded by the Mande people and emerged as their own new powerful empire Mali. It became an even stronger trading empire, backed by a strong Muslim religion.
Power point #1 is entitled, Ghana a West Africa Trading Empire and contains 18 slides and covers the following:
Ghana’s Trade Routes
Spread of Islam
The Gold-Salt Trade
Kumbi Trading Market
Wangara Trading Market
The Decline of Ghana
End of Presentation
Mali began as a small Malinke kingdom around the upper areas of the Niger River. It became an important empire after 1235 when Sundjata organized Malinke resistance against a branch of the southern Soninke, who made up the center of the older kingdom of Ghana.
The empire developed around its capital of Niani, the city of Sundjata's birth near the gold fields of Bure. Unlike the people of the older kingdom of Ghana, who had only camels, horses, and donkeys for transport, the people of Mali also used the river Niger. By river, they could transport bulk goods and larger loads much more easily than by land. Living on the fertile lands near the Niger, people suffered less from drought than those living in the drier regions further north.
The Niger River enabled the Kingdom of Mali to develop a far more stable economy than Ghana had enjoyed and contributed to the rise of the Mali Empire.
Power point #2 is entitled, The Kingdom of Mali and contains 14 slides and covers the following:
Map of the Kingdom of Mali
Vast Empire Created
Mali Empire Prospers
Taxes & Currency
Mansu Musa’s Hajj
Collapse of the Kingdom
End of Presentation
The Songhai Empire, also known as the Songhay Empire, was a state located in western Africa. From the early 15th to the late 16th century, Songhai was one of the largest Islamic empires in history. This empire bore the same name as its leading ethnic group, the Songhai. Its capital was the city of Gao, where a Songhai state had existed since the 11th century.
Its base of power was on the bend of the Niger River in present day Niger and Burkina Faso.
In 1340, the Songhai took advantage of the Mali Empire's decline and successfully asserted its independence. Disputes over succession weakened the Mali Empire, and many of its peripheral subjects broke away. The Songhai made Gao their capital and began an imperial expansion of their own throughout the western Sahel.
By 1420, Songhai was strong enough to exact tribute from Masina. In all, the Sonni Dynasty would count 18 kings.
Power point #3 is entitled, The Songhai Empire and contains 21 slides and covers the following:
Map of the Songhai Empire
Sunni Ali’s Legacy
Muslim Culture Embraced
Fall of the Empire
Songhai Empire’s Highpoint
End of Presentation
This is one of many bundled power point presentations I offer in my store under the heading.... Kingdoms of Medieval Africa.