Bundle of 3 - Scientific Revolution - Newton, Boyle & The Scientific Revolution

Bundle of 3 - Scientific Revolution - Newton, Boyle & The Scientific Revolution
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This is a bundle of 3 highly animated, power point presentation on Science & Medicine – Newton, Boyle & The Scientific Revolution. The total number of slides in the presentations numbers 73. Each of the slides are editable so you can modify the slides if you need to.

Sir Isaac Newton began developing his influential theories on light, calculus and celestial mechanics while on break from Cambridge University. Years of research culminated with the 1687 publication of “Principia,” a landmark work that established the universal laws of motion and gravity. Newton’s second major book, “Opticks,” detailed his experiments to determine the properties of light. A student of Biblical history and alchemy, the famed scientist served as president of the Royal Society of London and master of England’s Royal Mint until his death in 1727.

A legend of history has it that while sitting in his garden in Woolsthorpe in 1666, an apple fell on Newton's head, producing his theories of universal gravitation. While the story is popular, and certainly has charm, it is more likely that these ideas were the work of many years of study and thought.

A giant even among the brilliant minds that drove the Scientific Revolution, Newton is remembered as a transformative scholar, inventor and writer. He eradicated any doubts about the heliocentric model of the universe by establishing celestial mechanics, his precise methodology giving birth to what is known as the scientific method. Although his theories of space-time and gravity eventually gave way to those of Albert Einstein, his work remains the bedrock on which modern physics was built.

Power point presentation #1 is entitled, Science &Medicine – Key Figures – Sir Isaac Newton and contains 18 slides and covers the following:

Synopsis
Background
Early Life
Formal Education
The Falling Apple
Return to Cambridge
Discoveries on Refraction
Laws of Motion & Gravity
Recognition
Master of the Royal Mint
“Opticks” Published
“Fluxions” Debate
History & Religion
Later Years & Death
Legacy
End of Presentation

Boyle lived in an extraordinarily superstitious age. In Boyle’s time people lived in terror of non-existent witches and all too real witchfinders. Between 1644 and 1647 over 300 women in eastern England were killed for supposedly being witches after their ‘discovery’ by the notorious, self-appointed Witchfinder General, Matthew Hopkins.

Known as the Father of Chemistry, he put chemistry on a firm scientific footing, transforming it from a field bogged down in mysticism into one based on measurement. He defined elements, compounds and mixtures and he coined the new term ‘chemical analysis,’ a field in which he made several powerful contributions.

He discovered Boyle’s Law relating the pressure of a gas to its volume. He established that electrical forces are transmitted through a vacuum, but sound is not. He also stated that the movement of particles is responsible for heat. Boyle was the first person to write specific experimental guidance for other scientists, telling them the importance of achieving reliable, repeatable results.

The young Robert Boyle was fascinated by Galileo’s belief that mathematics is the language of the world around us. The behavior of planets and pendulums, and the fundamentals of music and mechanics, could all be understood using mathematics.

He also suffered a serious illness, permanently affecting his eyesight. For the rest of his life reading anything would be painfully slow and he had to employ people to do his writing for him. Although very wealthy, Boyle lived a relatively frugal, simple life, and was generous to other people. He was happy to spend large amounts of money on his experiments – he did not mind diminishing his wealth if by doing so he could learn some of nature’s secrets.

Robert Boyle died of a stroke – or paralysis as it was then known – aged 64, on December 31, 1691, a week after the death of his sister Katherine. He was buried in a churchyard in Westminster, London. The churchyard was redeveloped in 1721 and Boyle’s remains were lost.

Power point presentation #2 is entitled, Science & Medicine – Key Figures – Robert Boyle and contains 34 slides and covers the following:

Synopsis (2)
Wealthy Family
Early Life
Early Education
Living in Italy
Galileo’s Influence
Return to London
First Book
Alchemy & Superstition
Puritan Influence
Meeting Robert Hooke
The Vacuum Pump
Boyles Law
Properties
of Air & Vacuum
Significance
Vacuum & Combustion
Foundations of Modern Chemistry
Second Book
Elements, Compounds & Mixtures
Pre-Lavoisier Discovery
Atoms: Basis of all Matter
Reactions of Elements
Defining Experimental Science
Improving Techniques
Heat & Movement
Personal Issues
The Royal Society
Moving Back to London
Illness & Death
End of Presentation

The Scientific Revolution was a period in history beginning in the late 1500s when scientific ideas began to be used by European society. It is generally thought to have begun with a book, On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres by Nicolaus Copernicus in 1543. This book was the first to postulate that the Earth was not the center of the Universe.

It was such a striking change from past beliefs that it made many realize that not everything there was to know had yet been learned. The Scientific Revolution would make Europeans the most powerful peoples in the world. It made individuals much more productive by creating machines that could do physical labor by utilizing multiple sources of power from wind and water to coal and steam. More people could be fed, clothed, and housed with less manpower. More wealth could be created in less time for more people.

Innovations in military machines and tactics made Europeans a force to be reckoned with. New methods of trade and commerce made trade with other nations more advantageous, spreading even more knowledge.

Power point presentation #3 is entitled, Science & Medicine - The Scientific Revolution and contains 21 slides and covers the following:

Background
New Worlds Discovered
Occam’s Razor
New Inventions
Gunpowder Revolution
Competition for New Discoveries
Discoveries Rewarded
The Scientific Method (2)
Spread of Knowledge
Scientific Societies
Royal Society in England
Sir Isaac Newton
Robert Boyle
Effects of the Scientific Revolution
Impact
End of Presentation

This is one of many bundled power point presentations I offer in my store under the heading.... Scientific Revolution.
Total Pages
73 slides
Answer Key
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