This is a bundle of 3 highly animated, power point presentations on the United States Court System - Complete Overview. All three presentations together number 64 slides. Each of the presentation slides are editable so you can change them to fit your individual needs.
The United States Judicial System can be intimating for the average person when called upon to participate in the system; however the system is layered to protect citizen rights as spelled out in the United States Constitution. State, federal, district and circuit courts each function to protect citizen rights.
The federal court system has 3 main levels: District courts which is the trial court. Circuit courts which are the first levels of appeal. The Supreme Court of the United States, the final level of appeal in the federal system. There are 94 district courts, 13 circuit courts, and 1 Supreme Court throughout the country.
Courts in the federal system work differently in many ways than state courts. The primary difference for civil cases (as opposed to criminal cases) is the types of cases that can be heard in the federal system. Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction, meaning they can only hear cases authorized by the United States Constitution or federal statutes.
The federal district court is the starting point for any case arising under federal statutes, the Constitution, or treaties. This type of jurisdiction is called “original jurisdiction.” Sometimes, the jurisdiction of state courts will overlap with that of federal courts, meaning that some cases can be brought in both courts.
The plaintiff has the initial choice of bringing the case in state or federal court. However, if the plaintiff chooses state court, the defendant may sometimes choose to “remove” to federal court.
Power point #1 is entitled, The United States Court System - Introduction contains 20 slides and covers the following:
Federal v. State Systems (2)
State v. Federal Prosecutions
District Court Judges
Federal Trial Courts
Federal District Courts
Circuit Court Judges
En Banc Hearing
U. S. Supreme Court
Writ of Certiorari
Supreme Court Justices
End of Presentation
In the Federal Government, there are agencies that employ criminal investigators to collect and provide information to the United States Attorneys in the respective district. Most of these agencies are well known to most citizens and include the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), United States Secret Service (USSS) and Homeland Security Investigation (DHS/HSI). These agencies investigate the crime and obtain evidence, and help prosecutors understand the details of the case. Often, several investigating agencies are involved.
A prosecutor evaluates a case, and uses all the statements and information he has to determine if the government should present the case to the Federal Grand Jury — one in which all the facts lead to a specific person or persons who committed the crime. The prosecutor has to look at both direct and circumstantial evidence.
Direct evidence: evidence that supports a fact without an inference. Testimony of an eyewitness. Circumstantial evidence: testimony related to something that happened before or after the crime. After the defendant is charged, he can either hire an attorney or if he is indigent he may choose to be represented by an attorney provided by the Government — a public defender — at no or minimal charge.
The defendant’s attorney is referred to as the defense attorney. He assists the defendant in understanding the law and the facts of the case, and represents the defendant just as the prosecutor will represent the Government.
Power point #2 is entitled, The United States Court System - Pre Trial Phase contains 26 slides and covers the following:
Grand Juries (3)
Plea Bargaining (2)
Preliminary Hearing (2)
Pre-Trial Motions (2)
End of Presentation
After many weeks or months of preparation, the prosecutor is ready for the most important part of his job: the trial. The trial is a structured process where the facts of a case are presented to a jury, and they decide if the defendant is guilty or not guilty of the charge offered.
During trial, the prosecutor uses witnesses and evidence to prove to the jury that the defendant committed the crime(s). The defendant, represented by an attorney, also tells his side of the story using witnesses and evidence. In a trial, the decides what evidence can be shown to the jury. A judge is there to make sure the entire process is played fairly. At trial, one of the 1st things a prosecutor and defense attorney must do is the selection of jurors for the case.
Jurors are selected to listen to the facts of the case and to determine if the defendant committed the crime. 12 jurors are selected randomly from the jury pool, (a list of potential jurors compiled from voter registration records of people living in the Federal district). When selecting the jury, the prosecutor and defense attorney may not discriminate against any group of people. For example, the judge will not allow them to select only men or only women.
A few months after the defendant is found guilty, he returns to court to be sentenced. The judge receives guidance and assistance from several sources in order to sentence a defendant. Congress has established minimum and maximum punishments for many crimes which the judge uses to craft a sentence.
The United States Sentencing Commissions has produced a set of sentencing guidelines that recommend certain punishments for certain crimes while considering various factors. The judge will also look at a presentence report and consider statements from the victims as well as the defendant and lawyers.
Power point #3 is entitled, The United States Court System - Trial Phase contains 18 slides and covers the following:
Jury Selection (2)
Burden of Proof
End of Presentation
This is one of many bundled power point presentations I offer in my store under the heading.... The United States Court System.