This is a bundle of 4, which includes 3 highly animated, power point presentation on the Enlightenment, John Locke and Baron de Montesquieu and one Unit Lesson Plan. The total number of slides in the presentations is 58. Each of the slides are editable so you can modify the slides if you need to.
The Enlightenment began in Europe around 1715. People gathered in salons in major cities to discuss philosophy and ways to improve the human experience. People developed new ideas about human existence, including basic rights and level of control they should have over their government and their futures.
Two such thinkers who would rise to prominence and help shape thinking as the United States was establishing itself as a country, John Locke and Baron de Montesquieu.
Power point presentation #1 is entitled, The Enlightenment and contains 12 slides and covers the following:
John Locke: The Blank Slate
John Locke: Natural rights
John Locke: Government
Baron de Montesquieu
Baron de Montesquieu: Follow the Rules
Baron de Montesquieu: Separate ....... but Equal
Charles Louis de Secondat was born in Bordeaux, France, in 1689 to a wealthy family. His father died in 1713 and he was placed under the care of his uncle, Baron de Montesquieu. The Baron died in 1716 and left de Secondat his fortune, his office as president of the Bordeaux Parliament, and his title of Baron de Montesquieu.
He later went to college and studied science and history, eventually becoming a lawyer in the local government and a member of the Bordeaux and French Academies of Science and studied the laws and customs and governments of the countries of Europe.
He gained fame in 1721 with his Persian Letters, which criticized the lifestyle and liberties of the wealthy French as well as the church. Montesquieu's book On the Spirit of Laws, published in 1748, was his most famous work. It outlined his ideas on how government would best work. Published in 1748, this was an examination of different forms of government which became one of the most widely disseminated works of the Enlightenment, especially after the church added it to their banned list in 1751.
The “Founding Fathers” especially, James Madison, were heavily influenced by Baron de Montesquieu when drafting the United States Constitution, most notably about the “separation of powers.” Montesquieu argued that the best way to secure liberty and prevent a government from becoming corrupted was to divide the powers of government among different actors who would check each other.
The “Founding Fathers” took heed of Montesquieu’s warning by establishing an independent executive, legislative, and judiciary in the federal Constitution. Madison protected the separation of powers by establishing a thorough system of checks and balances as well.
Power point presentation #2 is entitled, The Enlightenment – Key Figures – Baron de Montesquieu and contains 12 slides and covers the following:
Marriage & Family
Beliefs on Rules & Laws
Political & Social Beliefs
French Classes of People
“Checks & Balances”
Defense of Government
Views on Religion
Types of Governments
“Separation of Powers”
“Branches” of Government
On Slavery & Women
Final Years & Death
Impact on the
End of Presentation
John Locke is one of the most important figures in British empiricism and one of the main authors in early modern philosophy. Considered by many as the father of liberalism, his philosophical contribution spans across all branches, from philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, epistemology,
metaphysics to political philosophy.
His most influential and representative work, “An Essay Concerning Human Understanding” was first printed in 1690. He became a highly influential philosopher, whose writings helped found modern Western philosophy. Locke was also a physician and an important figure in the British political history of 17th century, culminating in the Revolution of 1688.
John Locke laid much of the groundwork for the Enlightenment and made central contributions to the development of liberalism. He was a key advocate of the empirical approaches of the Scientific Revolution. He advanced a theory of the self as a blank page, with knowledge and identity arising only from accumulated experience.
His political theory of government by the consent of the governed to protect “life, liberty and estate” deeply influenced the United States’ founding documents. His essays on religious tolerance provided an early model for the separation of church and state.
Power point presentation #3 is entitled, The Enlightenment – Key Figures - John Locke and contains 19 slides and covers the following:
& Isaac Newton
Lord Shaftesbury (2)
Exiled in Holland
Return to England
“Two Treatises of Government”
“Essay Concerning Human Understanding”
“Thoughts Concerning Education”
“Letters Concerning Toleration”
Later Years & Death
End of Presentation
The Lesson Plan adheres to the following Florida Benchmark:
• SS.7.C.1.1 Recognize how Enlightenment ideas including Montesquieu’s view of separation of powers and John Locke’s theories related to natural law and how Locke’s social contract influenced the Founding Fathers.The following is an excerpt from the 5-page, Unit Lesson Plan.
This is one of many bundled power point presentations I offer in my store under the heading ….Foundations of Government.