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Bundle of 4 - World War I - Key Battles of 1915

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This is a bundle of 4 highly animated, power point presentations on World War I - Key Battles of 1915. All three presentations together number 69 slides. Each of the presentation slides are editable so you can change them to fit your individual needs.

At the outbreak of World War I, the Germans began to actively develop chemical weapons. In October 1914, small tear-gas canisters were placed in shells that were fired at Neuve Chapelle, France, but Allied troops were not exposed.

In January 1915, the Germans fired shells loaded with xylyl bromide, a more lethal gas, at Russian troops at Bolimov on the Eastern Front. Because of the wintry cold, most of the gas froze, but the Russians nonetheless reported more than 1,000 killed as a result of the new weapon.

The United States, which entered World War I in 1917, also developed and used chemical weapons. Future President Harry Truman was the captain of a U.S. field artillery unit that fired poison gas against the Germans in 1918. In all, more than 100,000 tons of chemical weapons agents were used in World War I, some 500,000 troops were injured from their use and almost 30,000 died, including 2,000 Americans.

Power point #1 is entitled, World War I - Key Battles - 1915 - Second Battle of Ypres and contains 11 slides and covers the following:

Background
Map of the Western Front
Chlorine Gas
Reaction
More Gas Attacks
Escalation of Gas Warfare
Mustard Gas
Casualties from Gas
Casualties
End of Presentation

Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes is also known as the Winter Battle of the Masurian Lakes, because it opened during a severe blizzard. The battle formed part of Paul von Hindenburg's plan for a 2 pronged decisive push against Russia by the Austro-Germans, the aim being to force Russia's defeat and so bring about an end to war on the Eastern Front.

Hindenburg intended to outflank Russian positions in central Poland, pushing them back beyond the Vistula River. Any further German progress eastwards was ended by an attack from the Russian 12th Army on February 22, directed against the German right flank. German attacks further south, were far less productive than at the Masurian Lakes.

Power point #2 is entitled, World War I - Key Battles - 1915 - Second Battle of Masurian Lakes and contains 10 slides and covers the following:

Background
Map of the Eastern Front
Advancing to Masurian Lakes
Eric Falkenhaven
German Advance
Casualties
Aftermath
End of Presentation

Despite heavy fighting in the spring of 1915, the Western Front remained largely stagnant as Allied efforts in Artois failed and the German assault at the Second Battle of Ypres was turned back. Shifting his focus east, German Chief of Staff Erich von Falkenhayn issued orders for the construction of defenses in depth along the Western Front. This led to the creation of a 3 mile deep system of trenches anchored by a front line and second line. As reinforcements arrived through the summer, the Allied commanders began planning for future action.

The British attacked the German line at 5:50 AM on September 25, by releasing chlorine gas. After leaving their trenches, the British found that the gas had not been effective and large clouds lingered between the lines. Due to the poor quality of British gas masks and breathing difficulties, the attackers suffered 2,632 gas casualties as they moved forward.

The Battle of Loos saw the British make minor gains in exchange for around 50,000 casualties. German losses are estimated at around 25,000. Though some ground had been gained, the fighting at Loos proved a failure as the British were unable to break through the German lines. French forces elsewhere in Artois and Champagne met a similar fate.

The setback at Loos helped contribute to the downfall of French as commander of the BEF. An inability to work with the French and active politicking by his officers led to his removal and replacement with Haig in December.

Power point #3 is entitled, War I - Key Battles - 1915 - Battle of Loos and contains 14 slides and covers the following:

Background
Map of the Western Front
Making Plans
British Plan
Readiness
Attack Begins
Strong German Resistance
The Corpse Field
German Mercy
Counter Offensive Halted
Casualties & Aftermath
End of Presentation

The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, was an unsuccessful attempt by the Allied Powers to control the sea route from Europe to Russia. The campaign began with a failed naval attack by British and French ships on the Dardanelles Straits in February-March and continued with a major land invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula on April 25, involving British, French troops, and divisions of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. Lack of sufficient intelligence, knowledge of the terrain, along with a fierce Turkish resistance, hampered the success of the invasion.

In May 1915, Britain's First Sea Lord Admiral John Fisher resigned dramatically over the mishandling of the Gallipoli Invasion by First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill. His political capital damaged by the debacle, the future prime minister later resigned his own position and accepted a commission to command an infantry battalion in France.

Power point #4 is entitled, World War I - Key Battles - 1915 - Gallipoli Campaign and contains 14 slides and covers the following:

Background
Map of the Dardanelles Straits
Launch of the Campaign
Dardanelles Straits
Naval Bombardment
Preparation for Invasion
Invasion Begins
Allies’ Delay
Decision to Evacuate
Casualties & Aftermath
Footnote
End of Presentation

This is one of many bundled power point presentations I offer in my store under the heading....World War I.
Total Pages
69
Answer Key
N/A
Teaching Duration
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