Bundle of 5 - World War I - The United States Joins the Fight

Bundle of 5 - World War I - The United States Joins the Fight
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This is a bundle of 5 highly animated, power point presentations on World War I - The United States Joins the War. All five presentations together number 116 slides. Each of the presentation slides are editable so you can change them to fit your individual needs.

World War I broke out in Europe in the summer of 1914. The war set Germany and Austria-Hungary (the Central Powers) against the United Kingdom, France, and Russia (the Allied Powers), and eventually involved many more nations.

The United States declared itself a neutral nation, but neutrality proved elusive. For three years, as Europeans faced war on an unprecedented scale, the neutrality so popular in the United States gradually slipped away. Germany and Britain each sought to terminate U.S. trade with the other. Exploiting its naval advantage, Britain gained the upper hand and almost ended U.S. trade with Germany.

When German submarines, known as U-boats, began to torpedo American merchant ships, American public opinion turned against Germany. Then on May 7, 1915, a German submarine attacked a British passenger liner, the Lusitania, killing more than a thousand people, including 128 Americans.

Washington condemned the attacks. In the presidential race of 1916, President Wilson won reelection on the campaign slogan, "He Kept Us Out of War," bit that was soon to change,

Power point #1 is entitled, World War I - The United States & WW I and contains 32 slides and covers the following:

War Breaks Out
Public Opinion Begins to Change
The Zimmerman Telegram
Divided Sentiments
Preparations for War
The Selective Service Act
War of Attrition
Trench Warfare
American Forces Arrive
Central Powers Surrender
American Manpower
Labor Shortages
Women Join the Workplace
The 19th Amendment
Federal Government Rallies Support (2)
Financing the War
Hostilities
Repressive Laws
Wilson’s Plan for Peace
League of Nations
Treaty of Versailles
German Reparations
Defects in the Treaty of Versailles
Congress Rejects League of Nations
Wilson Digs In
Wilson’s World Peace Goal
Legacy of WW I (2)
End of Presentation

President Wilson upon the outbreak of World War I declared the United States neutral in 1914. His policy of neutrality was enormously popular with the American people. It probably was the deciding factor in his re-election in 1915. It was especially popular with German and Irish Americans. The Irish were strong Democratic supporters. The Germans were a major constituency in the Midwest which often determined the outcome of American elections.

Once the war began to drag on many Americans began having second thoughts about the War, even before it ended in November 1918. The principal reasons were the casualties the American Expeditionary Force experienced in France.

American war losses were small by European standards. But this was only because America entered the War several years after the other combatants and the AEF was only committed for about 6 months of battle. During those 6 months, American casualties were as high as experienced by other combatant countries, especially because the AEF was engaged in largely pitched offensive operations.

Power point #2 is entitled, Mobilizing for War - United States & Public Opinion and contains 13 slides and covers the following:

Policy of Neutrality
Winds of Change
German Miscalculation
Public Opinion Changed
U. S. Declares War
Public Support for War
Military Enlistment
Committee on Public Information
Second Thoughts
Mistake?
End of Presentation

The United States for 3 years reveled in its moral superiority, staying out of the European war. The vast majority of Americans wanted no part of the War, a sentiment that was particularly strong in the heavily German populated Mid-West and especially the progressives, who made any Administration efforts to strengthen the military difficult. The United States pursued a more friendly relationship with Great Britain and France than with Germany or Austria-Hungary, but Wilson’s administration maintained a strictly neutral stance.

The reckless German policy of implementing unrestricted submarine warfare managed to bring the United States into the War, arguably the greatest miscalculation in German history.

Due to the high number of casualties the American Expeditionary Force experienced in France, many Americans began having second thoughts about the War, even before it ended in 1918. American forces were only committed for about 6 months of battle, but American casualties were as high as experienced by other combatant countries, especially because the American Expeditionary Force was engaged in largely pitched offensive operations.

Mercifully the War ended on November 11, 1918.

Power point #3 is entitled, Mobilizing for World War I - The United States Prepares for War and contains 23 slides and covers the following:

Background
Neutral Policy
The Tide Would Turn
Attempts at Peace
Declaration of War
Committee on Public Information
Lack of an Army
The Draft
Serving in the War
Industry Not Prepared
Industry & the Economy
Initial Steps
Government Not Prepared
Government Steps
Government Power Expands
Government Assumes Control
Demand for Supplies
Transportation
Doubts
End of Presentation

United States President Woodrow Wilson campaigned for re-election in 1916 with the slogan "He kept us out of war". United States at various points tried to negotiate an end to the War. Wilson in a 1917 speech called for a "peace without victory". The President launched diplomatic initiatives aimed at ending the War that suggested generous terms to the Germans. The Kaiser and his Government, were, basically dismissive and intent on a military victory. The British were still hopeful that America would join the Allies.

Following the Declaration of War an explosion of patriotic fervor not seen in the United States since the Civil War erupted. There were patriotic celebrations and parades of various organizations, many whom sold war bonds to raise money. Large numbers of young men enlisted as many cities came close to fulfilling their quota within a few months, well before Selective Service went into effect (June 5). Along with the patriotic fervor, a wave of anti-German hysteria spread over America with the Declaration of War on Germany.

The United States would have to recruit, train, and equip its army and this would take some time. The Germans knew this and gambled that the U-boat campaign and their massive Spring 1918 offensive would win the War before the Americans could intervene in force. Significant numbers of American soldiers did not begin to arrive in France until the summer of 1918. At that time about 10,000 Americans arrived daily, unimpeded by the U-boats, amassing a huge army, to battle the German soldiers on the Western Front.

Power point #4 is entitled, Mobilizing for World War I - The United States Prepares for War and contains 34 slides and covers the following:

Attempts at Peace
Patriotic Fervor
Anti-German Hysteria
German Mindset
German Policy
Pubic Opinion
Shift in Opinion
Wilson’s Re-election
British Propaganda
British Domestic Opinions
British World Opinions
Propaganda Success
Trans-Atlantic Cables
The Kaiser’s Big Error
Subsequent Actions
United States Enters the War
The Zimmerman Telegram (4)
American Outrage
Congress Declares War
Wilson’s Decision for War
Moral Diplomacy
Post-War Peace
United States Military
Conscription
Request for Troops
American Expeditionary Force
United States Army Arrives
End of Presentation

Power point #5 is entitled, World War I - The United States Joins the Fight and contains 14 slides and covers the following:

Background
Lusitania Sails
Lusitania Is Sunk
United States Reaction
Housatonic Sinking
Two Significant Intercepts
Zimmerman Telegram (2)
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
The United States Enters the Fray
Mobilizing for War
End of Presentation

This is one of many bundled power point presentations I offer in my store under the heading....World War I.
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Bundle of 5 - World War I - The United States Joins the Fight