Bundle of 7 - World War II - North African Campaign

Bundle of 7 - World War II - North African Campaign
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This is a bundle of 7 highly animated, power point presentations on World War II - North African Campaign. The presentations together number 119 slides. Each of the presentation slides are editable so you can change them to fit your individual needs.

From the beginning of the war, the British had repeatedly landed ground troops in Europe only to hastily withdraw each time, while on the verge of a humiliating rout by Hitler's armies. For Britain's fiery leader, Winston Churchill, had enough. The British people and their Army needed a victory on land, somewhere, somehow, and they needed it now.

The opportunity to grab such a victory came in North Africa where troops of Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini, were trying to create an African empire for their ambitious leader who was determined, above all, not to be overshadowed by Hitler. Thus far, Mussolini had taken over two countries, Abyssinia and Libya, where his troops had easily rolled over the mostly defenseless inhabitants. Mussolini set his sights next on Egypt.

With 500,000 Italian troops at the ready, the only thing standing in his way was a small British force of 36,000 men, comprising the Western Desert Force, based in northern Egypt. Through a variety of strategic mistake, the British overcame the Italians who eventually surrendered 200,000 troops.

It was a stunning victory, just what Churchill had wanted. But it wouldn't last.

Power point #1 is entitled, World War II - African Campaign - Battle of North Africa and contains 24 slides and covers the following:

Churchill Needs a Victory
Mussolini The Conqueror?
Italian’s Tactical Mistake
British Victory
Rommel to the Rescue
Battle of Tobruk
Churchill Demands Victory
Tobruk Falls
British Retreat Again
Hitler’s Blunder
Rommel’s Journal Entry
Rommel Attacks
Battle of El Alamein
Rommel is Defeated
Rommel Ordered to Hold
United States Soldiers Arrive
Battle of Tunisia
Battle of Kasserine Pass
Afrika Corps Surrendered
Rommel Blames Hitler
Hitler Excuses Loss
End of Presentation

In the wake of Operation Crusader in late 1941, General Erwin Rommel's German and Italian forces were compelled to retreat west to a new line at El Agheila. Assuming a new position behind a strong line of fortifications, Rommel's Panzer Army Afrika was not attacked by British forces under General Sir Claude Auchinleck and Major General Neil Ritchie. This was largely due to the British need to consolidate their gains and build a logistical network after an advance of over 500 miles. Largely pleased with the offensive, the 2 British commanders had succeeded in relieving the siege of Tobruk.

On the Allied side, this saw the arrival of new General Grant tanks which could match the German Panzer IV as well as improvements in coordination between the Desert Air Force and troops on the ground.

For his victory and the capture of Tobruk, Rommel was promoted to field marshal by Hitler. Assessing the position at Mersa Matruh, Auchinleck decided to abandon it in favor of a stronger one at El Alamein. Rommel assaulted this position in July but made no progress. A final effort was made the Battle of Alam Halfa in late August with no results.

Power point #2 is entitled, World War II - African Campaign - Battle of Gazala and contains 16 slides and covers the following:

Combatants
Background
Rommel’s Offensive
Resupplying & Refitting
Rommel’s Plan
Battle Begins
“The Cauldron”
Tide Turns
Rommel Attacks
British Defeat
Tobruk Surrendered
Casualties & Aftermath
Rommel Promoted
End of Presentation

Following its crushing defeat at the Battle of Gazala in June 1942, the British 8th Army retreated east towards Egypt. Reaching the border, its commander, Lieutenant General Neil Ritchie, elected not to make a stand but to continue falling back to Mersa Matruh approximately 100 miles to the east.

Establishing a defensive position based on fortified "boxes" that were linked by minefields, Ritchie prepared to receive Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's approaching forces. On June 25, Ritchie was relieved as commander and General Claude Auchinleck, selected to take personal control of the 8th Army. Concerned that the Mersa Matruh line could be outflanked to the south, Auchinleck decided to retreat another 100 miles east to El Alamein.

Power point #3 is entitled, World War II - African Campaign - First Battle of El Alamein and contains 15 slides and covers the following:

Introduction
Combatants
Background
Auchinleck Digs In
Plan Takes Shape
Rommel Strikes
Battle Rages
Auchinleck Hits Back
Operation Bacon
Final Efforts
Operation Manhood
Aftermath
End of Presentation

With the conclusion of the First Battle of El Alamein in July 1942, both British and Axis forces in North Africa paused to rest and refit. Prime Minister Winston Churchill travelled to Cairo and relieved Commander-in-Chief Middle East Command General Claude Auchinleck and replacing him with General Sir Harold Alexander. Command of the British 8th Army at El Alamein ultimately was given to Lieutenant General Bernard Montgomery. Assessing the situation at El Alamein, Montgomery found that the front was constricted to a narrow line running from the coast to the impassable Qattara Depression.

Often overshadowed by the 1st and 2nd Battles of El Alamein, Alam Halfa represented the last significant offensive launched by Rommel in North Africa. Far from his bases and with his supply lines crumbling, Rommel was forced to move to the defensive as British strength in Egypt grew.

In the wake of the battle, Montgomery was criticized for not pressing harder to cut off and destroy the Afrika Korps when it was isolated on his southern flank. He was adamant that he wished to preserve British strength for a planned offensive rather than risk it in counterattacks against Rommel's defenses. Having shown restraint at Alam Halfa, Montgomery moved to the attack in October when he opened the Second Battle of El Alamein.

Power point #4 is entitled, World War II - African Campaign - Battle of Alam Halfa and contains 16 slides and covers the following:

Combatants
Background
Montgomery’s Plan
Defenses Set
Rommel’s Situation
Rommel’s Advance
Germans Hold
Heavy Fighting
Rommel Withdraws
Montgomery Halts
Casualties & Aftermath
Montgomery Criticized
End of Presentation

The Second Battle of El Alamein took place near the Egyptian railway halt of El Alamein. With the Allies victorious, it marked a major turning point in the Western Desert Campaign of the World War II.

It followed the First Battle of El Alamein, which had stalled the Axis advance into Egypt. This victory turned the tide in the North African Campaign and ended the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal, and of gaining access to the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields via North Africa.

From a psychological perspective, Second El Alamein revived the morale of the Allies, being the first major offensive against the Axis since the start of the European war in 1939 in which the Western Allies had achieved a decisive victory.

Power point #5 is entitled, World War II - African Campaign - Second Battle of El Alamein and contains 16 slides and covers the following:

Overview
Combatants
Change Of Leadership
Rommel Attacks
Monty’s Plan
Allies Attack
Counter Attacks
Difficulties
Rommel Retreats
Retreat Denied
Final Assaults
Aftermath
Victory
End of Presentation

Operation Torch was the code name for the British-American invasion of North Africa during World War II. The Soviet Union had pressed the United States and United Kingdom to open a second front to reduce the pressure of German forces on the Soviet troops.

The American commanders favored Operation Sledgehammer, landing in Occupied Europe as soon as possible, the British commanders believed that such a course would end in disaster. An attack on North Africa was proposed instead, which would clear the Axis powers, improve naval control of the Mediterranean Sea, and prepare for an invasion of Southern Europe in 1943.

President Franklin Roosevelt suspected the African operation would rule out an invasion of Europe in 1943 but agreed to support Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

Power point #6 is entitled, World War II - African Campaign - Operation Torch and contains 17 slides and covers the following:

Background
Combatants
Planning
Robert Murphy
Meeting With the Vichy French
Giraud’s Demands
Casablanca
Casablanca Surrender
Oran Surrender
Airfields Captured
Algiers Surrender
Juin Surrenders
Casualties
Aftermath
End of Presentation

The Battle of Kasserine Pass took place during the Tunisia Campaign of World War II. It was a series of battles fought around Kasserine Pass, a 2 mile wide gap in the Grand Dorsal chain of the Atlas Mountains in west central Tunisia.

The Axis forces involved, led by Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, were primarily from the Afrika Korps Assault Group, elements of the Italian Centauro Armored Division, 2 Panzer divisions detached from the 5th Panzer Army. The Allied forces involved came from the U.S Army's II Corps commanded by Major General Lloyd Fredendall, and the British 6th Armored Division commanded by Major-General Charles Keightley, which were part of the British 1st Army commanded by Lieutenant-General Kenneth Anderson.

While complete disaster had been averted, the Battle of Kasserine Pass was a humiliating defeat for US forces. Their first major clash with the Germans, the battle showed an enemy superiority in experience and equipment as well as exposed several flaws in the American command structure and doctrine.

After the fight, Rommel dismissed American troops as ineffective and felt they did not offer a threat to his command.

Power point #7 is entitled, World War II - African Campaign - Battle of Kasserine Pass and contains 15 slides and covers the following:

Overview
Combatants
Background
German Attack
Allies Driven Back
U. S. Retreat
Superior German Armor
Allies Hold
Rommel Withdraws
Aftermath
Change in Leadership
Change in Policy
End of Presentation

This is one of many bundled power point presentations I offer in my store under the heading....World War II.
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Bundle of 7 - World War II - North African Campaign