This is a bundle of 8 highly animated, power point presentation on Genocide in the 20th Century. Each of 8 people groups suffered unspeakable atrocities at the hands of madmen. The total number of slides in the presentations is 180. Each of the slides are editable so you can modify the slides if you need to.
NOTE: FOR ALL PRESENTATIONS. ALTHOUGH I HAVE TRIED TO BE SENSITIVE IN THE SELECTION OF PICTURES FOR THE PRESENTATION, DUE TO THE GRAPHIC NATURE OF THE SUBJECT MATERIAL SOME STUDENTS MAY FIND CERTAIN PICTURES TROUBLESOME. PLEASE FEEL FREE TO SUBSTITUTE OR ELIMINATE AS REQUIRED.
Power point presentation #1 is entitled, Genocide in the 19th Century - King Leopold II of Belgium and contains 17 slides and covers the following:
During the brutality of the European colonial era and imperialism of the 1880s, Europe was busy dividing up the continent of Africa as if they owned it. King Leopold II of Belgium laid personal claim to the largely uncharted Congo Free State. The 905,000 square miles of African rain forest held a vast fortune in rubber plantations, a commodity in high demand in late 19th century industrial Europe.
In 1876, Leopold formed the philanthropic organization called International African Association and became its single shareholder. Under the guise of missionary work and westernization of African peoples, Leopold II used the International African Association to further his ambitions of empire building in the hope if bringing international prestige to relatively small Belgium. The International African Association was a vehicle to enslave the people of the Congo River Basin and enrich Leopold II.
Leopold II ruled from 1885 to 1908 (23 years). During that time, he massacred 10 million Africans by cutting off their hands and genitals, flogging them to death, starving them into forced labor, holding children ransom and burning villages. The ironic part of this story is that Leopold II committed these atrocities by not even setting foot in the Congo.
Leopold, Not Alone
The Congo’s Independence
The Congo Today
End of Presentation
Power point presentation #2 is entitled, Genocide in the 20th Century - Stalin's Forced Famine and contains 25 slides and covers the following:
When Lenin died in 1924, he was succeeded by Joseph Stalin, one of the most ruthless humans ever to hold power. To Stalin, the continuing loss of Soviet influence in the Ukraine was completely unacceptable. Beginning in 1929, over 5,000 Ukrainian scholars, scientists, cultural and religious leaders were arrested after being falsely accused of plotting an armed revolt. Those arrested were either shot without a trial or deported to prison camps in remote areas of Russia.
Stalin, set in motion events designed to cause a famine in the Ukraine to destroy the people there seeking independence from his rule. Stalin also imposed the Soviet system of land management known as collectivization. This resulted in the seizure of all privately-owned farmlands and livestock, in a country where 80% of the people were traditional village farmers.
Among those farmers, were a class of people called Kulaks by the Communists. They were formerly wealthy farmers that had owned 24 or more acres, or had employed farm workers. Stalin believed any future insurrection would be led by the Kulaks, thus he proclaimed a policy aimed at "liquidating the Kulaks as a class.” Stalin responded to their unyielding defiance by dictating a policy that would deliberately cause mass starvation and result in the deaths of millions.
Outside the Soviet Union, governments of the West adopted a passive attitude toward the famine, although most of them had become aware of the true suffering in the Ukraine through confidential diplomatic channels.
An estimated 7,000,000 persons perished in this farming area, known as the breadbasket of Europe, with the people deprived of the food they had grown with their own hands. In June 1941, Nazi troops stormed into the country. Hitler's troops, arrived in the Ukraine to rob the breadbasket of Europe and simply replaced one reign of terror with another.
Ukraine Falls to Russia
Stalin Takes Over
Food Sold to Others
Starvation Sets In
Death in the Cities
Soviet Cover Up
Pattern of Denial
Famine v. Trade
Power point presentation #3 is entitled, Genocide in the 20th Century – Rwanda and contains 14 slides and covers the following:
Beginning on April 6, 1994, and for the next 100 days, up to 800,000 Tutsis were killed by Hutu militia using clubs and machetes, with as many as 10,000 killed each day. On April 6, while returning from a meeting in Tanzania, a small jet carrying the 2 presidents was shot down by ground-fired missiles as it approached Rwanda's airport at Kigali. Immediately after their deaths, Rwanda plunged into political violence as Hutu extremists began targeting prominent opposition figures who were on their death-lists, including moderate Hutu politicians and Tutsi leaders.
The killings then spread throughout the countryside as Hutu militia, armed with machetes, clubs, guns and grenades, began indiscriminately killing Tutsi civilians. The killings only ended after armed Tutsi rebels, invading from neighboring countries, managed to defeat the Hutus and halt the genocide in July 1994. By then, over 10% of the population, an estimated 800,000 persons, had been killed.
The Hutus & The Tutsi
Hutus Seize Power
Assassination of Ndadaye
Two Presidents Killed
U. N. Pulls Out
Non-Stop Hate Messages
End of Presentation
Power point presentation #4 is entitled, Genocide in the 20th Century – Rape of Nanking and contains 14 slides and covers the following:
In December of 1937, the Japanese Imperial Army marched into China's capital city of Nanking and proceeded to murder 300,000 out of 600,000 civilians and soldiers in the city. The 6 weeks of carnage would become known as the Rape of Nanking and represented the single worst atrocity during the World War II era in either the European or Pacific theaters of war.
The actual military invasion of Nanking was preceded by a tough battle at Shanghai that began in the summer of 1937. Chinese forces there put up surprisingly stiff resistance against the Japanese Army which had expected an easy victory in China. This infuriated the Japanese and whetted their appetite for the revenge that was to follow at Nanking.
After finally defeating the Chinese at Shanghai in November, 50,000 Japanese soldiers then marched on toward Nanking. Chinese soldiers at Nanking were poorly led and loosely organized. Although they greatly outnumbered the Japanese and had plenty of ammunition, they withered under the ferocity of the Japanese attack, then engaged in a chaotic retreat.
After just four days of fighting, Japanese troops smashed into the city on December 13, 1937, with orders issued to "kill all captives", setting in order the wholesale and brutal murder of more than 300,000 people during 1937-1938,
World War II Atrocity
Contempt for the Chinese
Cruelty on Men
Cruelty on Women
Random Acts of Murder
Opium Dens & Sex Slavery
U. S. Press
International Safety Zone
“Hell on Earth”
End of Presentation
Power point presentation #5 is entitled, Genocide in the 20th Century – Pol Pot in Cambodia and contains 15 slides and covers the following:
An attempt by Khmer Rouge leader, Pol Pot to form a Communist peasant farming society resulted in the deaths of 25% of the country's population from starvation, overwork and executions.
By 1962, Pol Pot had become leader of the Cambodian Communist Party and was forced to flee into the jungle to escape the wrath of Prince Norodom Sihanouk, leader of Cambodia. In the jungle, Pol Pot formed an armed resistance movement that became known as the Khmer Rouge (Red Cambodians) and waged a guerrilla war against Sihanouk's government.
In 1970, Prince Sihanouk was ousted by a U.S.-backed right-wing military coup. An embittered Sihanouk retaliated by joining with Pol Pot, his former enemy, in opposing Cambodia's new military government. Pol Pot took over and foreigners were expelled, embassies closed, and foreign economic or medical assistance was refused. The use of foreign languages was banned. Newspapers and television stations were shut down, radios and bicycles confiscated, and mail and telephone usage curtailed. Money was forbidden. All businesses were shuttered, religion banned, education halted, health care eliminated, and parental authority revoked. Cambodia was sealed off from the outside world.
All of Cambodia's cities were then forcibly evacuated. At Phnom Penh, two million inhabitants were evacuated on foot into the countryside at gunpoint. As many as 20,000 died along the way. During Pol Pot's rule from 1975-1979, he was responsible for the deaths of over 2,000,000 people.
U. S. Involvement
U. S. Withdraws
Mao Zedong's Influence
Cambodia Sealed Off
Pol Pot Deposed
Pol Pot Dies
End of Presentation
Power point presentation #6 is entitled, Genocide in the 20th Century – Nazi Holocaust and contains 39 slides and covers the following:
In January 1933, after a bitter 10-year political struggle, Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany. During his rise to power, Hitler had repeatedly blamed the Jews for Germany's defeat in World War I and subsequent economic hardships.
Hitler also put forward racial theories asserting that Germans with fair skin, blond hair and blue eyes were the supreme form of human, or master race. The Jews, according to Hitler, were the racial opposite, and were actively engaged in an international conspiracy to keep this master race from assuming its rightful position as rulers of the world. Adolf Hitler and his Nazi followers attempted to exterminate the entire Jewish population of Europe.
They were gradually shut out of German society by the Nazis through a never-ending series of laws and decrees, culminating in the Nuremberg Laws of 1935 which deprived them of their German citizenship and forbade intermarriage with non-Jews.
1942, marked the beginning of mass murder on a scale unprecedented in all of human history. In January, 15 top Nazis convened the Wannsee Conference in Berlin to coordinate plans for the “Final Solution.” Before it was all over, the Germans had enacted World War II while systematically murdering over 6 million Jews.
Rise to Power
Hitler’s Speech on Jews
Nuremberg Laws of 1935
State Sanctioned anti-Semitism
Night of Broken Glass
World War II
The Jewish Question
Invasion of Russia
Killing Pace Quickens
“Road to Heaven”
Jewish Slave Laborers
Jews in America
U. S. Has Hearings
Pope is Silent
International Red Cross
Jews on Their Own
The Tide Turns
Full Horror Revealed
Sorting the Carnage
End of Presentation
Power point presentation #7 is entitled, Genocide in the 20th Century – Bosnia-Herzegovina and contains 22 slides and covers the following:
In the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina, conflict between the 3 main ethnic groups, the Serbs, Croats, and Muslims, resulted in genocide committed by the Serbs against the Muslims in Bosnia. Bosnia is one of several small countries that emerged from the break-up of Yugoslavia into 3 religious groups that had been historical rivals, even bitter enemies, including the Serbs (Orthodox Christians), Croats (Catholics) and ethnic Albanians (Muslims).
In 1991, the new Croat government, led by Franjo Tudjman, enacted discriminatory laws targeting Orthodox Serbs. Aided by Serbian guerrillas in Croatia, Milosevic's forces invaded in July 1991 to 'protect' the Serbian minority. In the city of Vukovar, they bombarded the outgunned Croats for 86 consecutive days and reduced it to rubble. After Vukovar fell, the Serbs began the first mass executions of the conflict, killing hundreds of Croat men and burying them in mass graves.
As the Serbs gained ground, they began to systematically roundup local Muslims in scenes eerily like those that had occurred under the Nazis during World War II, including mass shootings, forced re-population of entire towns, and confinement in make-shift concentration camps for men and boys. The Serbs also terrorized Muslim families into fleeing their villages by using rape as a weapon against women and girls.
The actions of the Serbs were labeled as 'ethnic cleansing,' a name which quickly took hold by the international media. Despite media reports of the secret camps, the mass killings, as well as the destruction of Muslim mosques and historic architecture in Bosnia, the world community remained mostly indifferent.
Between 1992-1995, over 200,000 Muslim civilians had been systematically murdered. More than 20,000 were missing and feared dead, while 2,000,000 had become refugees.
Yugoslavian Civil War
World War II
Limited International Response
Genocide Against Muslims
Call for Intervention
U. N. Safe Havens
Slaughter at Srebrenica
End of Presentation
Power point presentation #8 is entitled, Genocide in the 20th Century – Armenians in Turkey and contains 30 slides and covers the following:
The first genocide of the 20th Century occurred when one and a half million Armenians living in Turkey were eliminated from their historic homeland through forced deportations and massacres between 1915-1918.
For 3,000 years, a thriving Armenian community had existed inside the vast region of the Middle East bordered by the Black, Mediterranean and Caspian Seas. The area, known as Asia Minor, stands at the crossroads of 3 continents; Europe, Asia and Africa. Great powers rose and fell over the many centuries and the Armenian homeland was at various times ruled by Persians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs and Mongols.
The decision to annihilate the entire population came directly from the ruling triumvirate of ultra-nationalist Young Turks. The actual extermination orders were transmitted in coded telegrams to all provincial governors throughout Turkey. Armed roundups began on the evening of April 24, 1915, as 300 Armenian political leaders, educators, writers, clergy and dignitaries in Constantinople were taken from their homes, briefly jailed and tortured, then hanged or shot.
No Allied power came to the aid of the Armenian Republic and it collapsed. Only a tiny portion of the easternmost area of historic Armenia survived by being becoming part of the Soviet Union. After the successful obliteration of the people of historic Armenia, the Turks demolished any remnants of Armenian cultural heritage including priceless masterpieces of ancient architecture, old libraries and archives. The Turks even leveled entire cities such as the once thriving Kharpert, Van and the ancient capital at Ani, to remove all traces of the 3,000 year old civilization.
Absorbed by Muslim Turks
Young Turks” Rule
“A Great & Eternal Land”
World War I
Decision to Annihilate
The Killing Begins
The “Special Organization”
Death Marches (2)
Littered with Bodies
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