Bundle of 9 - Espionage in World War II

Bundle of 9 - Espionage in World War II
Bundle of 9 - Espionage in World War II
Bundle of 9 - Espionage in World War II
Bundle of 9 - Espionage in World War II
Bundle of 9 - Espionage in World War II
Bundle of 9 - Espionage in World War II
Bundle of 9 - Espionage in World War II
Bundle of 9 - Espionage in World War II
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    This is bundle of 9 power point presentations on the World War II - Allied Espionage in World War II. The total number of slides is 214. Each of the slides are editable, so you can modify those to meet your individual needs.

    Hitler and the Nazi regime sought world domination that forced a World War that was fought on a global scale. As the Nazi war machine ramped up, countries scrambled to prepare their armies to do battle with Germany. But countries also “pulled out all the stops” to defeat Nazism by creating both military and civilian organizations to resist the German armies.

    This resistance gave rise to organizations whose sole purpose was to implement actions to defeat the Nazi’s. Organizations such as the British Operations Objective and the Office of Strategic Services spearheaded movements to help the French Resistance movement and the spy networks in Europe.

    It was the Codebreakers of Bletchley Park and the Navajo Code Talkers who broke both the German and the Japanese military codes that helped them win major battles that changed the course of the war.

    It was this movement that created the FUSAG, an entire Ghost army that deceived Hitler into assuming the Invasion of Normandy would happen at Calais, contributing to the success of the invasion.

    Lesser known is the work done by the Female Spy network in Europe and the Ritchie Brothers who wreaked havoc whereeever they were assigned.

    Power point presentation #1 is titled, The British Special Operations Executive and contains 18 slides.

    Created by Winston Churchill, their goal was to a was to “set Europe ablaze”. The Special Operations Executive’s (SOE) main task was to link up with resistance movements – primarily the French Resistance – to undermine the Germans in the countries they had occupied. Little thought had been given to helping those civilians who not only wanted to fight back at the Germans, but also wanted to help out the British.

    In 1940, after the fall of France, Britain had a rudimentary approach to assisting civilian resistance movements in Europe. Section D existed as part of the Secret Service. Its task was to support subversive movements in occupied countries. MI (R) also existed. It was part of the War Office and its job was to support irregular operations conducted by personnel in uniform.

    Both Section D and MI (R) proved relatively ineffective in supporting the resistance movements in western Europe due to too much inter-departmental rivalry. One further disadvantage SOE had was convincing those in the military hierarchy that what they planned to do was worth supporting.

    Acts of sabotage were difficult to verify, especially their success. Communication was invariably slow; so good news took time to arrive. There were many in the military who saw the SOE as a distraction from the ‘proper’ fighting that had to be done.

    Overview

    Background

    Special Operations Executive

    Dalton in Charge

    No Blueprint

    Convincing the Military

    Three Problems

    Getting Agents on the Ground

    Learning the Ropes

    Specialized Fighters

    Cover Story

    Captain Henry Rees

    Violette Szabo

    Pearl Witherington

    Yeo Thomas

    End of Presentation

    Power point presentation #2 is titled, World War II - The Office of Strategic Services and contains 30 slides.

    The Office of Strategic Services (OSS), was formed for the purpose of obtaining information about and sabotaging the military efforts of enemy nations during World War II. It lasted from 1942–45. It was headed by William J. “Wild Bill” Donovan. With some 12,000 staff members, the OSS collected and analyzed information on areas of the world in which U.S. military forces were operating.

    Before World War II, intelligence activities in the United States were mostly carried out by the Department of State, the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI), the War Department's Military Intelligence Division (MID). Hoping for greater coordination of intelligence activities, as well as a more strategic approach to intelligence gathering and operations; on July 11, 1941, President Franklin Roosevelt appointed Bill Donovan to head a new civilian office attached to the White House, as the Coordinator of Information (COI).

    In achieving success, the OSS made plenty of domestic political and military enemies. US senators and congressmen with limited access to information about the OSS charged that it was riddled with Communists and criminals. They complained that for every OSS idea that worked there were 7 or 10 that didn’t, that the OSS had no organizational chart, that there was no accountability for the hundreds of millions of dollars it spent, and that Donovan ran it “like a country editor.” They concluded it was dangerous.

    Roosevelt ignored the complaints as long as possible, and then had Colonel Richard Park, Jr., an officer from the White House map room, quietly look into the allegations. Roosevelt never got to read the report. He died on April 12, 1945. The next day, Park delivered the report to the new president, Harry Truman, a partisan Democrat who thought little of the Republican Donovan or any agency involved in subterfuge.

    3 weeks after the Japanese surrender in mid-August 1945, Truman turned over the fate of the OSS to Congress. The Congressional Committee on Agency Liquidation then closed the OSS and with it one of the more intriguing and compelling chapters in American military history.

    Overview

    OSS in World War II

    Pre-World War II

    “Wild Bill” Donovan

    More Fact Finding

    Political Infighting

    More Fact Finding

    COI Functions

    OSS Created

    Headliners & “Joes”

    Spy Schools

    William Fairbairn

    The Recruits

    Recruiting the Brightest (2)

    Creative Tools

    Josephine Baker

    Virginia Hall

    Hall Remembered

    “Joes” & “Jeds”

    Diary Account of Narcisse (2)

    Information Gathering

    Congressional Enemies

    Richard Park’s Report

    End of the OSS

    End of Presentation

    Power point presentation #3 is titled, World War II - European Theater - The French Resistance and contains 16 slides.

    The French Resistance played a vital part in aiding the Allies to success in Western Europe, especially leading up to D-Day. The French Resistance supplied the Allies with vital intelligence reports as well as doing a huge amount of work to disrupt the German supply and communication lines within France.

    The surrender of France in June 1940 was a major blow to many French people in terms of their pride. Many believed that the government had let the people down. The creation of a Nazi-approved Vichy government, primarily in the center and south of the country, was, in the minds of many, further proof that politicians had let down France.

    The resistance movement was developed to provide the Allies with intelligence, attack the Germans when possible, and to assist the escape of Allied airmen.

    Overview

    Background

    Charles deGaulle

    Resistance Movement

    Early Days

    Better Organization

    Political Storms

    Working Together

    Brit & French Co-Operation

    Effective Resistance

    Numbers Increase

    D-Day Impact

    Post War Analysis

    End of Presentation

    Power point presentation #4 is titled, The Code Breakers of Bletchley Park and contains 22 slides.

    Bletchley Park was probably Britain’s best kept secret. The secrecy surrounding all the activities carried on at Bletchley Park during World War II was of vital importance to national security and ultimate victory. An organization called the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) studied and devised methods to enable the Allied forces to decipher the military codes and ciphers that secured German, Japanese, and other Axis nations communications.

    Bletchley Park ushered in the birth of the “information age” with the creation of the code breaking processes enabled by machines such as the Turing/Welchman Bombe, and the world’s first electronic computer, Colossus.

    The Codebreakers made a vital contribution to D-Day in other ways. The breaking of the ciphers of the German Secret Intelligence Service allowed the British to confuse Hitler over where the Allies were to land. His decision to divert troops away from the Normandy beaches undoubtedly ensured the invasion's success.

    Collaboration with the United States at Bletchley Park not only turned the tide of World War II, but lasted through the Cold War and continues today. Bletchley Park is a treasured heritage site designed to preserve the important story of the Code breakers during World War II. But even as the Allied troops waded ashore, a new threat was looming, and attention was being given to the role of the Codebreakers in the post-war era.

    Britain’s Best Kept WW II Secret

    The Information Age

    Captain Ridley's Shooting Party

    The Codebreakers

    Their Mission

    Breaking Enigma

    First Breakthrough

    Intelligence Reports

    Intercepts to Action

    The “Y” Service

    Round the Clock

    Breaking the Code

    Winston Churchill Directive

    Successes

    Monitoring the Japanese

    North Africa Campaign

    Strategic Ciphers

    “Colossus”

    D-Day & Post War Era

    End of Presentation

    Power point presentation #5 is titled, World War II - Breaking the Japanese Military Codes and contains 17 slides.

    When one thinks about cryptography or encryption in World War II, the first thing that comes to mind is the Enigma Machine used by the Nazis, whose code was broken by the Allies and used as a secret tactical advantage. But what many people don’t know is that just before World War II, the Japanese also developed a series of encryption devices that improved upon the Enigma Machine and were used to transport their top-level military secrets. United States intelligence was able to crack the Japanese Purple Machine.

    The Purple Machine was much improved over the German Enigma Machine and the previous Japanese red Machine. The key changed every day, code breakers would not be able to find patterns in messages sent over several days. The daily key would be inputted into the device by the arrangement of the switchboard and rotors. The switchboard contained 25 connections, which could be arranged into 6 pairs of connections, yielding over 70,000,000,000,000 possible arrangements which would determine the method of encryption.

    After a great effort by U.S. cryptanalysis the code was broken and used against its makers, tracking Japanese Naval troop movement as well as other military communications. Unlike the Red Cipher, the U.S. tried taking full advantage of this by keeping it a well-guarded secret from the Japanese and its allies so that the messages would continue to be sent in the broken code.

    Background

    “Red”

    The Purple Machine

    Improved Machine

    Machine’s Operation

    Method of Encryption

    Hard to Crack

    Deciphering

    Seizing Messages

    Breaking the Code

    Friedman & Others

    Frances Raven

    Tracking Messages

    Many Codes Broken

    End of Presentation

    Power point presentation #6 is titled, The Navajo Code Talkers and contains 19 slides.

    Communication is essential during any war and World War II was no different. From battalion to battalion or ship to ship - everyone must stay in contact to know when and where to attack or when to fall back. If the enemy were to hear these tactical conversations, not only would the element of surprise be lost, but the enemy could also re-position and get the upper hand. Codes (encryptions) were essential to protect these conversations. Though codes were often used, they were also frequently broken.

    In 1942, a man named Philip Johnston was convinced a code based on the Navajo language would be unbreakable by the enemy. The son of a Protestant missionary, Philip Johnston spent much of his childhood on the Navajo reservation. He grew up with Navajo children, learning their language and their customs.

    As an adult, Johnston became an engineer for the city of Los Angeles but also spent a considerable amount of his time lecturing about the Navajos. Then one day, Johnston was reading the newspaper when he noticed a story about an armored division in Louisiana that was attempting to come up with a way to code military communications using Native American personnel.

    Background

    Communication is Essential

    Philip Johnston

    Johnston’s Idea

    Language Concerns

    Modifications

    “Pilot Project” Set Up

    Getting Started

    Placed in Combat

    Johnson Trains Recruits

    The Code

    Captain Stilwell’s Suggestions

    Always Spoken

    On the Battlefield

    Body Guards

    Contributions

    End of Presentation

    Power point presentation #7 is titled, The United States & WW II - European Theater - FUSAG - The Ghost Army and contains 26 slides.

    In the final years of World War II, both the Allied and Axis Powers knew that there was no chance of defeating Hitler without cracking his grasp on Western Europe, and both sides knew that Northern France was the obvious target for an amphibious assault.

    The German high command assumed the Allies would cross from England to France at the narrowest part of the channel and land at Pas-de-Calais. The Allies instead set their sights some 200 miles to the west. The Allies believed the beaches of Normandy could be taken if the Germans did move their reserve infantry and panzers to Normandy from their garrison in the Pas-de-Calais.

    Success would rest on distracting German forces and spreading them too thin across multiple invasion sites. They needed a way to credibly threaten Pas-de-Calais, scaring the Germans into keeping the reserves there and away from the actual battle. The resulting plan, Operation Fortitude, is one of the greatest deceptions ever pulled off.

    Background

    Operation Fortitude

    Two “Ghost” Armies

    The Plan

    FUSAG

    “Old Blood and Guts”

    Eisenhower’s Offer

    Campaign of Deception

    Agents & Spies

    Brutus & Garbo

    Civilian Participation

    Reconnaissance Planes

    FUSAG Army Base n(3)

    Dressing the Set

    D-Day Looms

    Landing on Normandy (2)

    Brutus & Garbo

    Hitler is Totally Deceived

    Patton Moves

    End of Presentation

    Power point presentation #8 is titled, World War II - Female Spies of World War II and contains 28 slides.

    While women are still officially not allowed in combat in almost all nations, there is a long history of female involvement in warfare, even in ancient times. Espionage knows no gender and in fact being female could provide less suspicion and a better cover.

    There is extensive documentation of the role of women undercover and otherwise involved in intelligence work in both of the two world wars and some very interesting characters emerge from those 2 conflicts. Their accomplishment are the “stuff” of heroes and vital contributions to the overall war efforts!

    The 2 main oversight organizations that were responsible for in the intelligence activities in World War II for the Allies were the British SOE, or Special Operations Executive, and the American OSS, or Office of Strategic Services. In addition to traditional spies, these organizations employed many ordinary men and women to covertly provide information about strategic locations and activities while leading apparently normal lives.

    They were military women, journalists, cooks, actresses and ordinary people caught up in extraordinary times. Their stories demonstrate that they were ordinary women of extraordinary courage and inventiveness who helped to change the world with their work.

    Overview

    The SOE & The OSS (2)

    Virginia Hall (4)

    Princess Noor-un-nias-Inayat Khan

    Violette Reine Elizabeth Bushell (2)

    Barbara Lauwers

    Amy Elizabeth Thorpe

    Maria Gulovich

    Julia McWilliams Child

    Marlene Dietrich

    Elizabeth P. McIntosh

    Genevieve Feinstein

    Mary Louise Prather

    Juliana Mickwitz

    Josephine Baker

    Hedy Lamarr

    Nancy Grace Augusta Wake (3)

    Afterwards

    End of Presentation

    Power point presentation #9 is titled, World War II - The Ritchie Boys - Heroes of World War II and contains 28 slides.

    The story of the “Ritchie Boys” is the untold story of the men who were secretly trained for WWII intelligence work by the US Army. The men sent to Camp Ritchie for training all had one thing in common — they were proficient in foreign languages, especially the languages of the enemy. A high percentage of these men were Jews who had escaped from their countries of birth and immigrated to the US as refugees.

    The Ritchie Boys were recruited by the U. S. Army to help defeat the Germans through interrogation of German prisoners, as interpreters, and by participating in psycho-logical warfare against German soldiers and civilians. They were young and considered the world’s most unlikely intelligence operatives, but they were committed to resist the Nazi’s in whatever way possible.

    The “Ritchie Boys” became an important weapon for the Allies. Many of them entered Europe on D-Day, June 6, 1944. Because of their special training, they were able to feed the Allies valuable information as D-Day unfolded. After D-Day the “Ritchie Boys” became a decisive force in the war. Nobody knew the enemy, his culture and his language better than they. Their mission: Gather information and break the enemy’s morale. Their impact was significant!

    Only a few “Ritchie Boys” are still live. In the end, the “Ritchie Boys” quietly left the war behind them and went on to enjoy quite remarkable careers - in arts and politics, in business and academia.

    Their effort shortened the war and saved many lives on both sides. However, the story of their heroism, their achievements and their long-term impact on military tactics remains forgotten. However, they never forgot the war—They just never spoke about it.

    The Ritchie Boys

    Arrival at Camp Ritchie

    WWII Mission

    Statistics

    Curriculum: Eight Banfill Weeks

    Training at Camp Ritchie

    Man Mountain Dean

    After Graduation: What Happens

    What Did They do During the War? Interrogators

    A Ritchie Boy talks about his work

    Psychological Warfare

    The Ritchie Boys In Action

    After VE Day

    A Few Ritchie Boys (4)

    10 Famous Ritchie Boys

    The Ritchie Boys Today

    A Decisive Force In WW II

    Addendum

    Find Out More (3)

    Quote from Robert F. Kennedy

    This presentation represents a cooperative effort between myself and a family friend, KathrynLang-Slattery, author and family member of one of the Ritchie Boys.

    I have included a section on how you might learn more about this amazing group of soldiers; including how to secure copies of Lang-Slattery's book, "The Immigrant Soldier."

    This is one of many bundled power point presentations I offer in my store under the heading....World War II.

    Total Pages
    214 slides
    Answer Key
    N/A
    Teaching Duration
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