This is a tool for analyzing the point of view of primary sources. CLAP (context, listener, author, purpose) are four key elements to examine to help students interpret the biases inherent in all primary documents. This simple activity introduces the four ideas with examples and includes sample questions to think about each element.
This is a great way to introduce any use of primary sources and historical thinking, as students must be aware of both what primary documents say and why they take that point of view. It is rooted in the College Board's Advanced Placement guidelines for analyzing sourcing, but is appropriate for non-AP students as well.