In my writing class, we use this in our 3rd phase of the writing process: Editing.
Our first stage is Rought Draft, then "Revision" where we add, cut, elaborate, add descriptive words. Then comes editing.
In each phase I tell the students to only focus on what their specific job/task is at that point in time.
When editing, we use the C.U.P.S strategy which allows the kids to focus on 4 major categories of editing - Capitalization, Understanding, Punctuation, and Spelling.
When editing, I tell the students that they will be reading over their story many times - each time, they focus on ONE small checkbox - which makes it a lot easier for the students to find mistakes and make corrections.
I also have the students show their corrections in FOUR DIFFERENT colors based on the categories. This helps the students and the teacher learn what that student or the class needs to work on (if they see a lot of capitalization mistakes, you can work on capitalization, etc.)
After the students self edit, they peer conference using the same checklist.
This checklist really helps students progress smoothly through the editing phase!