Canada Art History Group of Seven ~ 202 Slides ~ Landscape Painting

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Canada Art History Group of Seven ~ 202 Slides ~ Landscape Painting

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EXCERPT 1 Group of 7 OVERVIEW Bullet Points
Artists who grouped together to contribute to giving Canada a distinctive voice in painting. The group’s niche became painting the North American wilderness.

Group of Seven was also known as the Algonquin School.

it consisted of Canadian landscape painters from 1920 to 1933.

original members were: Franklin Carmichael, Lawren Harris, A. Y. Jackson, Frank Johnston, Arthur Lismer, J. E. H. MacDonald, and Frederick Varley.

its aim was to create a distinct Canadian art through direct contact with nature.

best known for its Canadian landscape paintings

first major Canadian national art movement came about from efforts of Group of Seven

other groups were born from the Group of Seven

Group was succeeded by the Canadian Group of Painters in 1933

Beaver Hall Group also joined the Canadian Group of Painters, bringing two major groups of Canadian artists together.

Tom Thomson, J. E. H. MacDonald, Arthur Lismer, Frederick Varley, Frank Johnston and Franklin Carmichael met as employees of the commercial art firm Grip Ltd. in Toronto.

They were joined by A. Y. Jackson and Lawren Harris.

Their frequent art meeting place was the Arts and Letters Club of Toronto.

This group did not lack for money either, usually the big problem with any nascent art group.

Harris was heir to the Massey-Harris farm machinery fortune. He was joined by Dr. James MacCallum as patron of the group.

Harris and MacCallum jointly built the Studio Building.

Thus, from the start, the group had its own meeting and working place.

MacCallum also owned land on Georgian Bay which he made available to the artists.

In 1917, Thomson, a guide at Algonquin Park, died while canoeing there. He had suffered a blow to the head but did not drown. Thus the circumstances surrounding his death were never solved.

Thomson was slated to be among the Group, which formed not long after. It would have thus been the Group of Eight had he lived.

The group had the support of Eric Brown, the director of the National Gallery.

All of these men had a considerable problem to overcome. This was that most in the art community thought the Canadian landscape was not worthy of being painted.

The Art Gallery of Ontario was the site of the first exhibition of the Group of Seven art.The National Gallery began purchasing art from the early exhibitions before the artists even identified themselves the Group of Seven.

The McMichael was founded in 1955 by Robert and Signe McMichael. They collected the Group of Seven.

Group of Seven art work can today be found at: the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto, the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa, the Ottawa Art Gallery and the McMichael Canadian Art Collection in Kleinburg, Ontario.

EXCERPT 2
Franklin Carmichael
Canadian artist, 1890 - 1945, who was the youngest original member of the Group of Seven, a Canadian Painter Movement. He exhibited with the Group of Seven from 1920 to 1932. Carmichael tended to hang out with those nearer his age in the group.

He was educated at:
1. Academie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Antwerp, Belgium (until WWI broke out)
2. Ontario College of Art, where he studied with William Cruickshank and George Reid.

He apprenticed at the commercial art firm Grip Limited in Toronto and became a commercial artist thereafter.

While at the Ontario school he painted on weekends with fellow artists Tom Thomson, J.E.H MacDonald and Arthur Lismer.

In 1914, he and Thomson moved into the Studio Building together.

In 1925, Carmichael went on a painting trip for the first time to the north shore of Lake Superior with fellow Group of Seven artists Lawren Harris and A.Y. Jackson.

He returned to Lake Superior in 1926 and 1928. This time he used watercolor, rather than oil. His watercolors were limited in number and are today a prized collector’s item. They fetch high auction prices.

In the 1930’s, Carmichael extended his painting explorations to the mining and other industries of northern Ontario.

From 1929 onwards, the LaCloche Hills (north of Lake Huron) was his outdoors painting and drawing destination. He built a cottage for his family there in 1932. The cottage became his resource for trips away from Toronto to do his own artwork. Many of his watercolours emanate from this period.

Although Carmichael lived and worked in Toronto, which is on Lake Ontario, he painted on the far more rugged and isolated Great Lakes of Huron and Superior.

Ultimately he included etchings, linocuts and wood engravings to his artistic output.

In 1932, he became head of the Graphic Design and Commercial Art Department at the Ontario College of Art.

He co-founded the Canadian Group of Painters in Watercolor in 1933.

He took up book illustrations for Canadian publishers in 1942 and continued in that work until he died in 1945 at age 55.
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Canada Art History Group of Seven ~ 202 Slides ~ Landscape
Canada Art History Group of Seven ~ 202 Slides ~ Landscape
Canada Art History Group of Seven ~ 202 Slides ~ Landscape
Canada Art History Group of Seven ~ 202 Slides ~ Landscape