Canada's Numbered Treaties Lesson Plan and Informational Article

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Canada's Numbered Treaties are an important piece of Canadian classroom curriculum. Teachers can be hesitant to introduce this aspect of Canadian history as they don't want to be inaccurate or insensitive. This resource is accurate, accessible, and engaging for students! Through informational articles, classroom discussion, partner work, and presentation preparation students will learn all about Canada's Numbered Treaties.

What's Included?

♥ Detailed, step-by-step lesson plan with teacher talk

♥ 2-page informational article on treaties

♥ Map of Canada with the locations Numbered Treaties shown

♥ Extension task: treaty research planning page, presentation criteria and rubric

Note: At this time, articles about the individual treaties are not included. Students must gather the research themselves from a textbook, non-fiction books or online sources.

British Columbia: Grade 4

Big Ideas:

-Interactions between First Peoples and Europeans lead to conflict and cooperation, which continues to shape Canada’s identity.


- the impact of colonization on First Peoples societies in British Columbia and Canada

Curricular Competencies:

- make ethical judgments about events, decisions, or actions that consider the conditions of a particular time and place

Note: Yukon Territory follows British Columbia’s curriculum as written above.

Saskatchewan: Grade 4

DR4.2 Explain the relationship of First Nations and Métis peoples with the land.

a. Investigate the traditional worldviews of First Nations peoples prior to European contact regarding land as an animate object and sustaining life force.

b. Research traditional lifestyles of First Nations communities and peoples prior to European contact (e.g., hunting, gathering, movement of people to follow food sources).

c. Explore how the traditional worldviews and teachings of First Nations’ Elders regarding land influence the lifestyle of First Nations people today.

Saskatchewan: Grade 8

DR8.1: Develop an understanding of the significance of land on the evolution of Canadian identity.
DR8.2: Describe the influence of the treaty relationship on Canadian identity.
DR8.3: Assess how historical events in Canada have affected the present Canadian identity
TR71: Analyze to what extent each of the signatories to treaty meets their respective obligations.

Manitoba: Grade 5

5-VH-009 Appreciate the contributions of First Peoples to the development of Canada.

New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia: Grade 5

5.4.1 Demonstrate an understanding of the diverse societies of First Nations and Inuit in what later became Canada

Northwest Territories and Nunavut: Grade 2

Recognize that First Nations and Inuit people are Canada’s original peoples. (Some modifications will be required at this grade level.)

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- Angela

Total Pages
13 pages
Answer Key
Rubric only
Teaching Duration
1 Week
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