This 10 page packet/lesson teaches students about the role of the Roman Catholic Church in Medieval Europe - using primary source excerpts, images, and notes sections. This lesson either takes two class days or can be partly given as homework. A complete 5 page teacher guide and answer key is included (see product preview).
The packet begins by examining the structure of the Catholic Church in the Middle Ages. First, students complete a Do Now activity to get them thinking about the role of the Church, followed by a fun competition that helps them learn the hierarchy of Church offices. Then, students learn about the religious, political, and economic powers of the Church by analyzing an excerpt from "The Act of Papal Supremacy" and reading about important aspects such as the sacraments, mass, excommunication, the interdict, and tithing.
The packet goes on to teach the cultural power of the Church as students examine images and read primary source excerpts about the Benedictine monastic system, illuminated manuscripts, Romanesque architecture, and monasteries' role as the intellectual center of the early medieval world. Students then learn about the social power of the Church as they read about the "Truce of God" and the Church's prohibition of feudal warfare during holy days, and examine a primary source excerpt portraying the Church's early doctrine on women's roles and gender relations.
The packet finishes with an activity in which students try to solve problems that occurred in the Church during the 11th and 12th centuries, such as simony, lay investiture, and priest corruption, before learning actual Church responses to these issues. The last few pages has students examine the growing conflict between religious and secular power as students analyze primary source letters between Pope Gregory and King Henry over the Investiture Controversy. They conclude with a writing exercise that has them apply what they've learned to discuss the role and power of the Church in the Middle Ages.
The packet is left in Word so you may edit it according to the needs of your class.
This lesson covers all the key points students must know about this subject for state assessments, and is completely Common Core aligned.
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Mega Middle Ages Unit BundleEarly Middle Ages Bundle
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