The purpose of this lesson is to teach cause and effect. Understanding cause and effect is essential in nearly every academic subject. Students with special needs do not often acquire this skill without explicit instruction.
In this lesson, the students are given two sentences and a visual reference for the cause/effect. After a few demonstrations from the teacher, either with this activity or in another context, the students are to determine which statement is a cause and which is an effect. The top of each page shows an arrow from cause to effect to further illustrate the concept - that the cause always occurs first and the effect is a direct result. The pictures that accompany each cause/effect pair vary. Some are more representative of cause, and some are more representative of effect. That is why they are placed in the middle. The pictures are there only to further engage the students, and to provide a visual component to the activity to supplement the spoken language. The teacher will need to cut the corresponding sentence pairs into strips and give the students only two sentences at a time so that they are not mixed together. Give the students the sentences in random order so that you are not always presenting the cause first. The amount of modeling and demonstration will vary based on the needs of the students.