the student will be able to describe the unique role of water in chemical and biological systems;
write the chemical formulas of common polyatomic ions, ionic compounds containing main group or transition metals, covalent compounds, acids, and bases;
: construct electron dot formulas to illustrate ionic and covalent bonds;
: describe the nature of metallic bonding and apply the theory to explain metallic properties such as thermal and electrical conductivity, malleability, and ductility; and
: predict molecular structure for molecules with linear, trigonal planar, or tetrahedral electron pair geometries using Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory.
express the arrangement of electrons in atoms through electron configurations and Lewis valence electron dot structures.
: use the Periodic Table to identify and explain periodic trends, including atomic and ionic radii, electronegativity, and ionization energy.