Since I joined TpT in May 2015, seventeen teachers have bought this product. I researched and wrote this user-friendly paper which reviews China’s controversial population control policy, focusing on the period from the mid – 1970s until 2013. The policy has been somewhat amended since 2013. At the end of the paper, I include an Oct 2015 Guardian article which describes the recent changes.
The paper lends itself to many very interesting class discussions, and possibilities for simulation. One TpT buyer stated that she used this paper for her debate class final exam.
Topics dealt with in this paper are:
1) Summary of the policy
2) Incentives to follow the policy
5) Female infanticide and sex-selective abortion
6) China’s defense of its policy
7) China’s impact on the global environment
8) Issues to debate
9) Religion and abortion
10) US response to China’s policy
11) Global population growth
12) China’s population growth
Here is a list of some of the controversial issues to debate:
1) When, and to what extent, can a government compromise individual rights, in making a decision that they believe is in the best interest of the larger population?
2) China says they use incentives to get people to follow the policy. Therefore, are group incentives OK? For example, is it OK for all the workers in a factory to get a bonus if the number of births among the workers does not exceed the quota established for that factory? One can imagine that workers would pressure other workers to follow the policy so that they can all get financial bonuses. Is that kind of pressure defensible?
3) Does China force abortions on women who violate the one child policy? Does peer or governmental pressure constitute force? Does the Chinese government coerce abortions?
4) Is the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) complicit with the China policy in its work in China? Are UN funds, therefore, being used to coerce abortions in China, for example?
5) Is female infanticide supported, directly or indirectly, by the Chinese government?
6) Should China be applauded for their family planning? After all, the biggest reason why global population growth has slowed in the past 3 decades is because of slowed population growth in China during that time period?
In terms of simulation, you can divide the class up into critics and supporters. You can also do a Model UN simulation.
Note: the government of China has made some alterations in the policy during the Fall of 2015.