Civil War: Part I – Secession, Lincoln’s Inaugural, Advantages & Disadvantages, First Engagements, Anaconda Plan
This is Part I in our series on the Civil War. This lesson teaches students about the outbreak of the Civil War, the advantages and disadvantages of the North & South, Abraham Lincoln’s early challenges and the first battles of the war:
• The legacy of the Civil War
• Southern Secession – the states involved and order of secession
• A brief look at Lincoln’s election
• Lincoln’s first inaugural
• The Battle of Fort Sumter
• The call for enlistments – 90-day enlistments, war fever
• The Border States - significance
• Lincoln’s war powers acts – denial of habeas corpus, martial law
• Not a war for slavery
• Choosing sides: brothers vs. brothers, neighbors vs. neighbors, former allies
• Northern Advantages: industrial / manufacturing, better transportation (railroads), established government, established government, established Navy, larger population
• Northern Disadvantages: Fighting an offensive war, lacked a purpose (at first)
• Southern Advantages: ideal soldiers, defensive war protecting homeland and Southern way of life, “Cotton is King,” leading military figures
• Southern disadvantages: lack of manufacturing & transportation, smaller population
• Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) – “Stonewall” Jackson
• General George McClellan
• Peninsula Campaign - Seven Days Battles
• Anaconda Plan
• Completed lesson plan with step-by-step instructions and additional activities
• PowerPoint presentation
• Flipped classroom video
• Guided notetaking file
• Additional Activities
Check out the YouTube video that goes with this lesson @ Mr. Raymond’s Civics & Social Studies Academy YouTube channel:
Civil War Part I: The Outbreak of War
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Benchmarks / Standards:
U.S. AP Exam: I. The North’s greater manpower and industrial resources, the leadership of Abraham Lincoln and others, and the decision to emancipate slaves eventually led to the Union military victory over the Confederacy in the devastating Civil War.
Virginia: USI.9. I. The North’s greater manpower and industrial resources, the leadership of Abraham Lincoln and others, and the decision to emancipate slaves eventually led to the Union military victory over the Confederacy in the devastating Civil War.
Common Core: Domain 9 - Students analyze the multiple causes, key events, and complex consequences of the Civil War.
Texas STAAR Exam: (8) History. The student understands individuals, issues, and events of the Civil
Florida SS.8.A.5.3. Compare Union & Confederate strengths & weaknesses