Civil War: Part II – For U.S. History & APUSH Classes – Union Naval Blockade, Merrimack vs. The Monitor, Battle of Antietam, Emancipation Proclamation, Battle of Gettysburg
This is Part II in our series on the Civil War. This lesson teaches students about the outbreak the second stages and changing nature of the Civil War. Following coverage of the Union Naval Blockade, students will learn how the Union “victory” at the Battle of Antietam allowed Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. They will learn the impact of this famous document including the incorporation of black troops into the Union Army, the exodus of slaves from Southern plantations, and the political backlash in the North. This lesson ends with the famous Battle of Gettysburg foreshadowing the changing tide of the war. Included in this lesson are:
• Review: attack on Fort Sumter, and the Battle of Bull Run, the Anaconda Plan
• Mobilizing for War: Northern and Southern economies
• Union Naval Blockade – smuggling, Great British recognition
• Merrimack vs. the Monitor – introduction of the ironclads, Battle of Hampton Roads, Union monopoly on ironclads
• The Battle of Antietam – significance, victory leads to Emancipation Proclamation,
• The Emancipation Proclamation – significance, limits, effects
• African-American soldiers: the Massachusetts 54th Infantry, impact
• Slaves flocking to Union lines
• Fort Pillow Massacre
• Southern slave labor for the Confederacy
• Gettysburg – significance, major figures, Pickets Charge, impact
• Northern Democratic “Copperheads” resistance to the war
• Completed lesson plan with step-by-step instructions and additional activities
• PowerPoint presentation
• Flipped classroom video
• Guided notetaking file
• Additional Activities
Check out the YouTube video that goes with this lesson @ Mr. Raymond’s Civics & Social Studies Academy YouTube channel:
Civil War Part II
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Benchmarks / Standards:
U.S. AP Exam: I. The North’s greater manpower and industrial resources, the leadership of Abraham Lincoln and others, and the decision to emancipate slaves eventually led to the Union military victory over the Confederacy in the devastating Civil War.
Virginia: USI.9. I. The North’s greater manpower and industrial resources, the leadership of Abraham Lincoln and others, and the decision to emancipate slaves eventually led to the Union military victory over the Confederacy in the devastating Civil War.
Common Core: Domain 9 - Students analyze the multiple causes, key events, and complex consequences of the Civil War.
Texas STAAR Exam: (8) History. The student understands individuals, issues, and events of the Civil
Florida SS.8.A.5.3. Compare Union & Confederate strengths & weaknesses