The Civil War
The following lesson is meant to examine the turmoil that existed in the United States right before and during the Civil War. States’ Rights, Abolitionists, Tariffs, Industrialization, King Cotton, are just some of the issues that will be examined as students go through the unit.
The lessons are designed to allow the middle and/or high school students to examine the Civil War using their textbook, as well as articles and other primary sources that are available. They are meant to make each student use their critical thinking and take on the role of a historian.
Each activity can be modified to fit state standards and are in line with the National History Standards. They can also be modified to fit any classroom setting depending on how much information the teacher gives each student and to how much they are to find on their own.
The lesson begins by examining the causes of the Civil War. The students will research several events that led to the Civil War and will be expected to explain how each event led to the southern states seceding in 1860. They will create propaganda posters or timelines as well as charts to help them analyze the information. The battles of the Civil War will be recreated through the use of flash cards to assist the students in recalling the information, and allow them to understand how each of the outcomes affected the troops on both sides. The surrender of the south will be followed by each student examining the Reconstruction era by examining not only the three major plans but also allowing them to draw conclusions on how life may have been different had Lincoln’s or Johnson’s plan succeeded.
An extension activity is also included. This unit plan is beneficial to any classroom as the activities can be used all together or an instructor can choose to use one.
So let us travel to the 1820’s and see what turmoil we can discover taking place in the United States.
United States Era 5 Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877)
Standard 1: The causes of the Civil War.
Standard 2: The course and character of the Civil War and its effects on the American people
Standard 3: How various reconstruction plans succeeded or failed
civil war unit
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