Climate Factors: Exploring Latitude (NGSS MS-ESS2-6) - Distance Learning

iExploreScience
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Grade Levels
6th - 8th, Homeschool
Standards
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Pages
20 pages
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  1. In this series of explore, explain, and elaborate activities, students discover the factors that influence regional climate patterns -- latitude, atmospheric circulation, elevation, mountains, and bodies of water.These resources are a part of the middle school unit Organisms and Their Environments.
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  2. This bundle includes a complete NGSS storyline for the following NGSS standards:MS-ESS2-5 Collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions.MS-ESS2-6 Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation
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Description

In this explore and explain sequence, students map North American deserts and then analyze average temperatures to draw conclusions about the impact of latitude on temperature. Students then design and carry out an investigation using a simulation to answer the question, Why does latitude affect temperature? A follow-up demo/simple lab reinforces student understanding of the impact on temperature of the angle at which solar energy hits the Earth.  Finally, students read a short text and compile the evidence they have collected to explain the differences in temperatures of North American deserts.

This activity is part of the middle school unit Organisms and Their Environments. If you are interested in the complete unit, you can find additional activities at iExploreScience on TeachersPayTeachers or in the sample resource library of the Science Teacher Tribe Course + Community.

This activity is part of a complete unit that builds towards these standards:

MS-LS2-1 Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.

MS-LS2-2 Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.

MS-ESS2-4 Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth's systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity. 

MS-ESS2-5 Collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions.

MS-ESS2-6 Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates. 

5E Model Phase: Explore, Explain

Learning Target:

Mapping North American Deserts

>> Students will organize and analyze data to draw conclusions about temperature differences of North American deserts.

Earth’s Tilt and Solar Energy

>> Students will carry out an investigation using an online simulation to answer the question, Why does latitude affect temperature?

Solar Energy and Latitude

>> Students will explain the differences in temperature of North American deserts using what they have learned about latitude and solar output.

Success Criteria:

Mapping North American Deserts

>> I can organize and analyze data to draw conclusions about North American deserts.

Earth’s Tilt and Solar Energy

>> I can carry out an investigation to collect data that will help me explain temperature differences in North American deserts.

Solar Output, Latitude, and Temperature

>> I can explain the differences in the temperatures of North American deserts.

Science and Engineering Practices:

Analyzing and Interpreting Data

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations

Crosscutting Concepts:

Patterns

Prior Knowledge:

This activity is a part of the complete middle school unit, Organisms and Their Environments.  This activity launches the next instructional sequence in the unit that focuses on the factors that affect regional climate.

If you are interested in the complete Organisms and Their Environments unit, you can find the relevant activities at iExploreScience on TeachersPayTeachers or in the sample resource library at the Science Teacher Tribe. When complete, you can view the complete unit storyline at iExploreScience.com/units.

Resource Includes:

Teacher Guide (10 pages)

Student Activity Sheets (8 pages)

Class Task Sheets (1 pages)

includes Answer Keys

For related resources, don’t forget to check out…

Life Science

Earth and Space Science

Ecosystems

Weather and Climate

Terms Of Use:

Copyright © iExploreScience LLC. All pages of this product are copyrighted, and all rights are reserved by the author. You may not create anything to sell or share based on this packet. The product is created for the use of ONE teacher. Please do not share with colleagues. If they like the product, please send them to my TpT store. I appreciate your support with this request! You are permitted to share ONLY the cover image of this product on your blog or via social media as long as you link back to my product on TpT. Failure to comply is a copyright infringement and a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA). Clipart and elements found in this PDF are copyrighted and cannot be extracted and used outside of this file without permission or license. Intended for classroom and personal use ONLY.

Total Pages
20 pages
Answer Key
Included
Teaching Duration
3 days
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Standards

to see state-specific standards (only available in the US).
NGSSMS-ESS2-6
Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates. Emphasis is on how patterns vary by latitude, altitude, and geographic land distribution. Emphasis of atmospheric circulation is on the sunlight-driven latitudinal banding, the Coriolis effect, and resulting prevailing winds; emphasis of ocean circulation is on the transfer of heat by the global ocean convection cycle, which is constrained by the Coriolis effect and the outlines of continents. Examples of models can be diagrams, maps and globes, or digital representations. Assessment does not include the dynamics of the Coriolis effect.

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