Collage ~ Art History ~ Major Artists ~ Highly Visual ~ 194 Slides ~ Collage Art
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This is a powerpoint presentation about Collage and Art History. These are the major artists from 1900 to date who created collages. To best assess this presentation, download the preview, which contains 16 actual slides. The thumbnails also show slides. This listing contains text excerpts, below. In all, there are 194 highly visual slides.
EXCERPT 1: Collage Art - Basics (bullet points)
Collage: The technique and resulting work of art in which fragments of paper and other materials are arranged and glued to a supporting surface.
Paper Collage: Started out with applying paper pieces adhesively to a support.
Canvas Collage: uses painted canvas patches as the pieces to be assembled upon a painting's main canvas (instead of paper or wood pieces).
Wood Collage: uses wood as the pieces to be assembled (instead of paper or canvas pieces).
Decoupage: is a craft, not an art. It places a picture onto an object for decoration.
Photomontage: collage is made from photographs, or parts of photographs.
Although collage existed before the 20th century, it was during that century that collage art entered the art mainstream as modern art.
The Cubists Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso coined the term collage and used the format extensively.
Collage is associated with the beginnings of modernism.
Collage art uses aspects of both painting and sculpture.
EXCERPT 2: Collage Art - Supplies
Although one can start with professional supplies from an art store, one can also use glue, magazines, newspapers and found objects to achieve an art work.
The problem on supplies is a question of permanence not a question of what you need to get the job done. Anyone with scissors, glue and magazines can make a collage.
But will it last? These art works have a long history of falling apart or aging badly. Cheap supplies are usually what causes this.
You will notice that many of the art works are yellowish brown in color. This is a sign that the work is aging badly. A bad glue or varnish was probably used.
The next two slides show basic collage supplies from an online art supply store. There are many more but those get one going.
Because one does not have to know how to draw or paint, collaging is also used extensively in art therapy and beginning art classrooms. No one is concerned about permanence at that level.
EXCERPT 3: Artists’ Work
We will now examine major artists’ collage work. This goes from the start of the 20th century to today. Most of the major artists in that time period did try collage. Many of them did not stick with it. Some of them found a whole new career in it, like Matisse.
What was more important is what this meant historically. Now the artist did not even have to stay within the four corners of the canvas or paper. As time went on, artists started making extensions to their art work or built out from it so that it had depth. In short, they were breaking many more rules. Collage had served as an entryway for yet more rule breaking to further ease their way into modern art.
It also made it possible for other movements to latch onto art. The environmentalists, as one example, were interested in recycling everything. Soon they were calling it upcycling, referring to the making of old parts into new art. They made the permanence issue even worse though. Adhering all sorts of objects to a surface, many of them literally picked up in garbage bins, multiplied the permanence problems.