Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois, and Marcus Garvey in one lesson! In this lesson, students will explore the viewpoints of three major civil rights leaders in the late 19th and early 20th century—Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois, and Marcus Garvey. After reading background information on the three men and selected excerpts of the activists’ own words, students will compare and contrast the three civil rights activists and draw connections to 1960s civil rights leaders Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X. Finally, to demonstrate their understanding of the three leaders, students will assume the role of the president of the United States and compose a speech to Congress, outlining the challenges to civil rights in the early 20th century and making a case for one of the three men as the “Civil Rights Secretary” for the president’s cabinet.
This lesson includes an "engage clip" video of lynching set to the Billie Holiday song "Strange Fruit," a powerpoint reviewing Reconstruction and Plessy v. Ferguson, numerous documents, a detailed lesson plan, and a rubric.
For a shorter version of this lesson, suitable for one class period or homework, see my Three Perspectives on Civil Rights Handout , which includes a version with primary source excerpts and a version without.