This activity is to be used when teaching about the Holocaust. This activity begins with the lesson's aim, which is to teach students about what life was like for the Jewish prisoners within the concentration camps. The students will be able to identify the living conditions and methods of execution of the Jews and also will be able to identify some of the more well-known concentration camps. The activity begins with a "Do Now" activity to get the students thinking about prisons and what life is like for the prisoners. The students are then provided with some basic information regarding the Holocaust and they are asked to define key vocabulary words. The information provided discusses the types of people sent to concentration camps and how they were transported there, with survivor's testimony to provide students a better understanding of the transportation conditions. The information describes what generally happened upon arrival of the concentration camps and the types of torture the Jews experienced there. Students are assessed throughout the activity for their understanding of the material and they must identify the types of conditions that the Jewish prisoners experienced within the death camps. The lesson wraps up with a compare & contrast assessment where students must find similarities & differences in the concentration camps during the Holocaust and jails & prison life of today. Great activity to get students thinking about the material they are learning and applying it to real life!