What are Laws of Thermodynamics?
This concept comparison introduces Ss to the laws of the thermodynamics, pressure-volume diagrams for ideal gases, processes which are isothermal, isovolumetic, and adiabatic, and explains differences in enthropy and enthalpy. Through inquiry and exploration, students will describe how the law of conservation of energy dictates how heat energy is transferred through systems by convection, conduction, and radiation, its influences on changes of states of matter and the behavior of fluids under varying pressures.
The Concept Comparison Routine is used help compare and contrast key concepts. Specifically, students use like and unlike characteristics and categories shared and not shared by two or more concepts to better understand the overall concept. Students taught using the Content Enhancement routines earned higher total test scores than did students taught using the lecture-discussion method.
Personally, I use the Content Enhancement Routines to figure out what I want to say and how I want to say it. It keeps my "Sage on the Stage" time limited to what fits onto the page (about 45 minutes of directed class discussion).
This product includes both the completed concept comparison, and the student guide blanked except for vocabulary, scaffolding questions, and graphics already filled in. It includes warm ups, worksheets, and recommended videos for review, and it's is in Microsoft Word .doc form so that Ts can customize the discussion to fit the needs of their Ss.
This Content Enhancement Routine is classroom tested to help students with the following Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards in Science:
SC.912.P.10.2 Explore the Law of Conservation of Energy by differentiating among open, closed, and isolated systems and explain that the total energy in an isolated system is a conserved quantity.
SC.912.P.10.3 Compare and contrast work and power qualitatively and quantitatively.
SC.912.P.10.4 Describe heat as the energy transferred by convection, conduction, and radiation, and explain the connection of heat to change in temperature or states of matter
SC.912.P.10.8 Explain entropy's role in determining the efficiency of processes that
convert energy to work
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