For Special Education and English Language Learners answering questions or participating in class discussions is very difficult. Sentence stems will help them with the speaking and writing aspects of class. Students will be more engaged and not embarrassed if they don't know the answer. They can ask for help and know it is OK.
-a poster of simple sentence stems
-a poster of questions to ask when you don't know the answer
-daily reflection to write down what was learned that day