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DBQ: Northwest Territory How did the newcomers & Native Americans interact?

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DBQ: Settling the Northwest Territory
How did the newcomers and the Native Americans interact?

DBQ: Settling the Northwest Territory
How did the newcomers and the Native Americans interact?

From 1787 on, huge numbers of American settlers poured into the Northwest Territory, frequently coming into conflict with the people who already lived there. How did the newcomers and the Native Americans interact?

Use your knowledge of the era and the documents to answer the questions and then the essential question below.

Document A
“The utmost good faith shall always be observed towards the Indians; their lands and property shall never be taken from them without their consent; and, in their property, rights, and liberty, they shall never be invaded or disturbed, unless in just and lawful wars authorized by Congress; but laws founded in justice and humanity, shall from time to time be made for
preventing wrongs being done to them, and for preserving peace and friendship with them.”

—Northwest Ordinance of 1787,
Section 14, Article 3

Document B
“At present, we do not think of ourselves perfectly secure from [the Indians] on account of a few lawless bandits made up of Mingos, Shawnees, and Cherokees, who reside at present on the waters of the Scioto [River]. These are a set of thievish, murdering rascals. . . . [L]et the treaty end how it may. . . .
[The] little skulking parties of Indians, if they are never won over to be our friends, can never do us any considerable injury. On the other hand, should there be a general Indian war, this will be a place of general rendezvous for an army. So that, in all human probability, the settlement can never fail of the protection of government.”
—Rufus Putnam, Superintendent,
Ohio Land Company, 1788

Document C

1. Document A could best be described as a…?
2. What can you conclude from Document B?
3. According to Document C, Little Turtle thought American expansion?
4. Writing Task Did Americans in the Northwest Territory adhere to the provisions of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 regarding native peoples? Use your knowledge of American history and evidence from the sources above to explain your answer.
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