Help your students hone their DBQ skills!
This DBQ Practice question is based on the War of 1812
The War of 1812 came at the time of the ongoing Napoleonic Wars. France and Britain were still fighting, and for years American leaders had tried to stay neutral and avoid involvement. President Thomas Jefferson continued to try and maintain an impartial stance, but when both countries encroached on American trading rights, Jefferson called upon Congress to enact the Embargo of 1807. This was a complete ban on American trading and had severe economic consequences for the US. In 1809, James Madison was faced with the problem of re-invigorating the economy while not being drawn into war. But despite his efforts, in 1812 Madison asked Congress to declare war on Great Britain. Thereafter, he also approved an invasion of Canada, then a colony of Great Britain.
What were the forces that led America into war with Britain in 1812?
What were the opposing arguments and/or viewpoints on the issue of going to war?
Use these documents and your outside knowledge to compose your answer.
Following are 13 sources, ranging from political cartoons, an economics graph, viewpoints from the era (John Calhoun, General Hull's proclamation to Canadian residents, a letter from Maryland Citizens to Congress, President Madison's declaration of War), and extracts from historical documents (Macon's Bill #2, Non-Intercourse Act, Order in Council allowing British ships to inspect any ship on the seas)
This DBQ practice question can be used in supplement to your US History unit on James Madison, the War of 1812, American nationalism, etc. It is recommended that students already have some foundation knowledge of the period, the economic and political concerns (international trade, US nationalism) and the different perspectives of the European powers, the US, and Canada.
Question & 13 Sources (4 pages)
Writing Paper (2 pages)
*6 pages in all