History of Protests in Sports in relation to the Star Spangled Banner/ American “Values
Are these Protests Protected Under the First Amendment?
Or Are these Athletes Anti-American and need to be Reprimanded?
Throughout history there have been many forms of protests and many cases involving expressive conduct, and what is for many a deeply cherished symbol of America- the US flag, and or the National Anthem.
Protests against the flag and during the playing of the US national anthem have had many causes, including civil rights, anti-conscription and anti-war, anti-nationalism, and religious reservations.
Throughout history, and more recently in the 21st century many athletes are involving themselves in protests, which has led to many questions arising in the United States.
Questions such as:
1. Does politics belong in sports? And do athletes have a responsibility to the American People?
2. Is protesting the National Anthem or the flag Anti-American? Or is it protected within the First Amendment?
3. Is the backlash these athletes have faced warranted?
Directions: Read Documents and answer the essential questions above. Be prepared to debate
Use the Hyper Link to Help you with some of the Greatest Protests in History.
Table of Contents
1. Document A1918 World Series on Sept. 5
2. Document B 1936 Olympic Protests
3. Document C 1965 AFL All Star Game
4. Document D 1966 Muhammad Ali
5. Document E 1968 Student Power, Freedom power, black power Olympics
6. Document F 1969 Brigham Young Vs. Black Fourteen
7. Document G 1969 Curt Flood Sues MLB
8. Document H 1996 Mahmoud Adbul-Rauf and the NBA/ Nuggets
9. Document I 2010 Phoenix Suns Los Sun Vs. Arizona SB 1070
10. Document J Miami Heat wearing Hoodies for Trey VonMartin
11. Document K NBA “I can’t Breathe- Protests for Eric Gardner
12. Document L 2012- St. Louis Rams Walk with their hands up protesting Ferguson Missouri
13. Document M 2012, WNBA Stars Angered over League Fines for #Blacklivesmatter” protest
14. Document N Knoxs College – Ariyana Smith
15. Document O Kaepernick sitting for National Anthem
Table of Contents: Since Kaepernick’s Protest/ Kneeling
1. August 12, Marshall Lynch kneels after coming out of retirement
2. August 13th Michael Bennet remains seated during the National Anthem
3. August 14th & 20th Kaepernick does unnoticed while sitting while sitting during the anthem
4. August 26th Kaepernick gains attention for his protest
5. August 28- Kaepernick expands on his reasoning for the protest
6. August 30th- Former Texas Longhorn Nate Boyer weights in on Kaepernick controversy
7. Sept 1- Jeremy Lane of Seahawks sits during the National Anthem
8. Sept. 4 Megan Rapinoe kneels during the National Anthem in support of Kaepernick
9. Sept 9 Denver Broncos Brandon Marshall takes a knee during season opener
10. Sept 11. Seahawks, Dolphins, Chiefs and Patriots players demonstrate during Anthem
11. Patriots tight end Martellus Bennet and Devin McCourty raise their fists after National Anthem
12. Eric Reed Kneels alongside Kaepernick, 49’ers teammates and Rams raise fists
13. 49ers Players were joined by opponents Rams defensive end Robert Qu9in and Kenny Britt
14. Sept 16 – Garfield HS football players and coaches kneels
15. Twelve HS football players in Sacramento take a knee
16. Howard University Cheerleaders kneel
17. More 49ers join Kaepernick, Dolphins continue protest
18. Sept 19- Four Eagles raise their fists
19. Sept 20- Honor Band Knee while playing Anthem before A’s game
20. Sept 20th- Marshall Lynch expresses support for Kaepernick
21. President Trump called on NFL owners to fire players who kneel during the National Anthem in Alabama speech
22. Sept 21 Iman Shumpert announces he will raise money for families impacted by police fatalities
23. Sept 21- Entire Indiana Fever team and 2 phoenix Mercury players kneel
24. Kaepernick is featured on Time Magazine Cover
25. Sept 24- Donald Trump says Warriors not welcome at White House
26. Sept 22nd- Houston’s Duane Brown raises a fist while standing during Anthem
27. October 1- member of East Carolina University’s band kneeling during anthem
28. Oct 1- ECU Band was Booed for kneeling and school response
29. Oct. 4- rockets, Knicks, and Celtics stand united during Anthem
30. Oct. 11- Singer Leah Tysse takes a knee while singing National Anthem
31. Nov. 6th- Brandon Marshall decides to stand during Anthem again