This lab is designed for NGSS and to have students think critically on how to solve a problem.
HS-LS1-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the structure of DNA determines the structure of proteins which carry out the essential functions of life through systems of specialized cells.
Science and Engineering Practices (SEP)
SEP 2 Using and Developing Models
SEP 3 Planning and Carrying out an investigation
You can expand the lesson with these:
SEP 6 Constructing an Explanation
SEP 7 Engaging in an Argument