DNA RNA Protein Synthesis Study Guide

Rated 4.93 out of 5, based on 82 reviews
82 Ratings
Amy Brown Science
Grade Levels
9th - 12th, Homeschool
Resource Type
Formats Included
  • Zip
  • Google Apps™
16 pages: 7 for student, 9 for teacher
Share this resource
Report this resource to TPT
Amy Brown Science
Includes Google Apps™
The Teacher-Author indicated this resource includes assets from Google Workspace (e.g. docs, slides, etc.).
Also included in
  1. This complete teaching unit on DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis includes everything you need to teach this unit to your life science or biology students. Resources include a 120-slide PowerPoint presentation packed with colorful and interesting photographs and images, teacher notes, printable and di
    Price $52.95Original Price $66.19Save $13.24
  2. This NO PREP, PRINTABLE, EDITABLE, AND DIGITAL Biology Curriculum contains everything you need for an entire year of Biology! For less than $3 a day, you can save your time, energy, and sanity. Each of the 20 Complete Units includes a teaching PowerPoint presentation, notes, labs, homework assignmen
    Price $535.00Original Price $982.16Save $447.16


This 7 page Study Guide on DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis is designed to help your students review for their unit test. Both PRINTABLE and DIGITAL versions of the worksheets are included. The printable version is editable so that you can select only the questions you feel are right for your students. This document consists of fill in the blank questions, short answer questions, labeling, and a few true/false questions. Use this document as a review for a test, a quiz, or for homework questions. This review guide is comprehensive in its coverage of DNA and RNA structures, replication, transcription, and translation.

Both printable and digital versions of this resource are included. The student handouts can be printed or used in the paperless digital format in your Google Drive, Google Classroom, Microsoft OneDrive, or similar. This resource is perfect for traditional classroom settings, 1:1 schools, or for distance learning.

What is included in your download folder?

  • Printable and Editable Study Guide: 7 student pages containing 62 questions. Many questions have multiple parts.
  • Digital paperless version (not editable) for use in Google Drive, Google Classroom, and/or Microsoft OneDrive
  • Teacher Guide and Answer Key
  • Teacher Guide for Google Apps Versions
  • Chart of amino acids and the 64 codon combinations.

The questions are appropriate for Biology I high school students. It is easily adaptable for your particular class. Simply delete the questions you don't want and add a few of your own. All answers are included.

What topics are covered in this study guide?

  • History of DNA Studies.
  • DNA nucleotides and their composition, purines, pyrimidines, how nucleotides are joined to one another, sugars, phosphates, and nitrogen bases.
  • The Watson and Crick model of DNA, the double helix, the base pairing rules, DNA as a carrier of information.
  • The structure of the DNA molecule
  • Chemical bonding in the DNA molecule.
  • Mechanisms by which a large amount of DNA can fit inside a small space of the nucleus, histones, nucleosomes.
  • Replication of DNA: Definition of replication, purpose of replication, steps in replication.
  • The Mechanisms of Replication: DNA polymerase, hydrogen bonds, origins or replication, replication forks, complementary strands, helicase.
  • Proofreading and repairing DNA: The role of polymerases, nucleases, and ligases.
  • The Genetic Code: codons, amino acids, proteins.
  • RNA: Differences between DNA and RNA, the functions of RNA, the three types of RNA (mRNA, tRNA, rRNA).
  • Transcription: Purpose of transcription, steps to transcription, promoter, terminator, RNA polymerase.
  • RNA processing and editing, introns, exons.
  • Understanding the genetic code, how codons translate into amino acids, start codons, stop codons, reading a table of codons.
  • Understanding the genetic code, how codons translate into amino acids, start codons, stop codons, reading a table of codons.
  • Translation: protein synthesis, ribosomes, steps in translation, the role of mRNA and the role of tRNA, structure of tRNA and its ability to transport amino acids, reading and deciphering the code.
  • Practice Problem: Given a DNA sequence, students will figure out the corresponding mRNA codon sequence, the tRNA anticodon sequence, and the amino acid sequence.
  • Ribosome structure: large subunit, small subunit, RNA binding sites, the entry and exit of tRNA to build a polypeptide, start codons, stop codons.
  • Mutations: definition of mutation, gene mutations, chromosome mutations, point mutations, base substitutions, base insertions or deletions, silent mutations, frameshift mutations, the importance of mutations in natural selection.

Related products include:

DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis Bundle

DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis Powerpoint and Notes for Student and Teacher

DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis Warm Ups and Bell Ringers

Lab: Effect of Environment on Gene Expression

DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis Google Sheets Hidden Picture Reveal Games

Biology Buzz Words: DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis

Lab: Determining the Traits of a Mystery Organism Through Protein Synthesis

DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis Crossword Puzzle

Test: DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis

DNA Quiz or Homework (Advanced)

Crossword Puzzle: DNA and Replication

RNA and Transcription Crossword Puzzle

Translation and Protein Synthesis Crossword Puzzle

DNA, RNA and Protein Synthesis Worksheet or Study Guide

Test: DNA and Replication

DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis Set of 4 Homework Assignments

Homework #1: The Basics of DNA

Homework #2: DNA Replication

Homework #3: RNA and Transcription

Homework #4: Protein Synthesis and Translation

DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis - Set of 3 quizzes

Quiz #1: DNA and Replication

Quiz #2: RNA and Transcription

Quiz #3: Translation and Protein Synthesis

Translation and Protein Synthesis Powerpoint Jeopardy Review Game

DNA and RNA Powerpoint Jeopardy REview Games - Set of Three Games

Test: RNA, transcription and translation

Free DNA Informational Text with Graphic Organizers

FREE Chart of Amino Acids and Their Codons

For updates about sales and new products, please follow my store:

My TpT Store: Amy Brown Science

You can find me at these locations as well:

My Blog: Amy Brown Science.com

My Facebook Page

On Pinterest

Instagram: @AmyBrownScience

Total Pages
16 pages: 7 for student, 9 for teacher
Answer Key
Teaching Duration
90 minutes
Report this resource to TpT
Reported resources will be reviewed by our team. Report this resource to let us know if this resource violates TpT’s content guidelines.


to see state-specific standards (only available in the US).
Ask questions to clarify relationships about the role of DNA and chromosomes in coding the instructions for characteristic traits passed from parents to offspring. Assessment does not include the phases of meiosis or the biochemical mechanism of specific steps in the process.


Questions & Answers


Teachers Pay Teachers is an online marketplace where teachers buy and sell original educational materials.

More About Us

Keep in Touch!

Sign Up