DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis Unit Test for Grades 8-12
PLEASE NOTE: This PowerPoint is also included in a bundled unit plan containing 20 different products on DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis. You can view the bundled unit plan by clicking here: DNA, RNA, and Protein Synthesis Complete Unit Plan.
This is a unit test on DNA, RNA, and Protein synthesis. The test is composed of 86 questions. There are multiple choice, matching, and fill in the blank questions. Complete answer key is included. This test is appropriate for a Biology I or a Biology II class.
Topics covered include:
1. History of DNA Studies
2. DNA nucleotides and their composition, purines, pyrimidines.
3. The Watson and Crick model of DNA, the double helix, the base pairing rules, DNA as a carrier of information.
4. Replication of DNA: steps in replication, DNA polymerase, hydrogen bonds, origins of replication, replication forks, complimentary strands, helicase.
5. The Genetic Code: codons, amino acids.
6. RNA: Differences between DNA and RNA, the functions of RNA, the three types of RNA (mRNA, tRNA, rRNA).
7. Transcription: Purpose of transcription, steps to transcription, promoter, terminator, RNA polymerase.
8. RNA processing and editing, introns, exons.
9. Understanding the genetic code, how codons translate into amino acids, start codons, stop codons, reading a table of codons.
10. Translation: protein synthesis, ribosomes, steps in translation, the role of mRNA and the role of tRNA, structure of tRNA and its ability to transport amino acids, reading and deciphering the code.
11. Practice Problem: Given a DNA sequence, students will figure out the corresponding mRNA codon sequence, the tRNA anticodon sequence, and the amino acid sequence.
Your download will include both a pdf version and a "Word" document.
Also included is a chart of all 64 codons and the amino acids they code for.
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