DaDa Art History ~ 155 Slides ~ Avant-Garde Art ~ Modern Art ~ Mixed Media
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This is a very thorough presentation about DaDa artists and the writers who also participated. The movement took place from 1916-1926 and is in reaction to WWI. It had a sharp impact on all of the movements which would follow in the twentieth century.
DaDa also saw several women artists do well in the movement although full appreciation of their work only came about later.
There are 20 actual slides in my preview so that you get a wider sampling of the presentation.
LIST OF DADA ARTISTS AND/OR WRITERS
Jean "Hans" Arp
Theo van Doesburg
Baroness Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven
Dada is not a treasure trove of beautiful art work. One reason for that is these artists were often working with materials that did not age well. So there are a lot of yellow colored works in their oeuvre, which used to be black and white.
Another reason is that these were wounded people, acting out against all that had been at stake in WWI. The movement began in the ending years of WWI and concluded during the Post War Reconstruction, around 1926. WWI began in 1914 and ended in 1918. The resulting art work is stark, serious and intellectual.
Dada was amazingly predictive of what was in store for future generations of artists and even non-artists. The work had early forms of performance art, wearable art, fiber art, conceptual art, fonts and typography, and mixed media. It even opened the door for art therapy since anyone can glue and paste, one of their fondest methods.
Dada also saw women artists entering the movement of artists. Most of the women intersected on some other level with the men in the movement. It would not be until much later that women artists would emerge on their own without any male relationship to anchor them to the art world.
Suzanne Duchamp was Marcel’s sister and also was married to artist Jean Crotti. Hannah Höch and Raoul Hausmann were in a tempestuous affair from 1915-1922. Sophie Taeuber married Hans Arp and they remained married until her death at age 53.
There were no people of other races in the movement. So although this was a movement which embraced freedom of expression, it was still primarily white males who were enjoying this right.
The movement lasted from roughly 1916 until 1926 with some artists moving onto other styles and movements. Others lingered with Dada looking works. Max Ernst, Man Ray, and Marcel Duchamp segued easily to and fro with Dada and Surrealism.
Dada and Surrealism had in common that they were complemented by a writing movement of equal force. Not all art movements are so fortunate. It makes the movement a great deal more understandable and accessible if great writers were along to chronicle the journey.
DaDa was about rebellion. These artists wanted to tear things apart as they emerged from the horrors of WWI. In tearing things up and rebuilding them anew, they not only mirrored the war but copied Reconstruction in a Post War environment as a method for making art, i.e. with collage, photomontage and assemblage.
Max Ernst created a series of works in which he used art materials on top of pages of found print materials.
he overpainted wallpapers, textile instruction sheets, and supply catalogues
added lines and color masses to the piece
this hid the original sheet enough so that it was unusable in its former form
the eye was now drawn to the overall painting instead
three-dimensional work of art made of found objects.
can be sculptural or pictorial (3-D or 2-D)
can easily search out one’s bits in trash bins or any other place where materials are cast off
Dadaists pasted papers, fabric and other two-dimensional materials into their art backing
abandoned still life or other identifiable subject matter
created more abstract collages instead
wide open as to sources for pieces of collage
Collectively developed by the Berlin Dadaists
variation of collage
pasted items are photographs or photographic reproductions
Substituting scissors and glue for brushes and paint
Max Ernst used military photographs for photomontages. Glued war images with human images to mirror his view of World War I.