Decolonization and Nationalism Webquest and Video Analysis with Key- this is a 14 page document that contains a webquest and a completed teachers key for easy marking. It contains 40 questions based on a Crash Course World History video and an online BBC article.
Students will begin this assignment by watching the Crash Course World History video: Decolonization and Nationalism Triumphant. The video will introduce the time period and go over the key themes and events of the time. The video opens by discussing the causes of European decolonization- primarily World War II. The huge cost of the war, the destruction of European nations, and the increase in nationalist movements in the colonies are all reviewed. The video examines Indian independence first, along with Gandhi and his non-violent methods of resistance to British rule. The general peacefulness of the transfer of power is explained as is the resulting violent partition and mass migration following the independence of Pakistan (East and West) and India. The video then moves on to the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) and its independence movement as well as the disastrous results of the independence of French Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos). Finally, the video examines Africa and how geography and colonial borders caused massive violence during decolonization and still today (Hutu and Tutsi). The lack of basic education and infrastructure investment by the European powers in their colonies is also discussed and how this led many African nations to be seized by strong men and other military dictatorships. Following the video, students will proceed to the BBC website and read an article about the collapse of the British Empire. The huge cost of fighting World War II, the loss of India, the belief in maintaining its great power status through colonies, the eventual loss of its African colonies, The Falklands War, and the transfer of Hong Kong back to China are all reviewed.
This webquest can be easily used as an introduction to the topic, a study guide, or a quick and easy sub plan.