A student-fillable form that takes students through the prewriting process of an AP style literary short response question.
Topic: The Gettysburg Address
-Close reading of an AP writing prompt
- Finding author's purpose
- Finding literary devices
- Analyzing HOW an author uses literary devices as rhetoric
- Writing a concise topic sentence
-Using textual support for an argument
- Writing a closed-ended thesis statement.
-Read the speech aloud in class.
-Let students collaborate to determine the speech's writer, audience and purpose.
(Be sure students understand that part of the speech's purpose is to motivate the
Union citizens to keep fighting the Civil War)
-Give the students 10 minutes to identify the various literary devices such as
anaphora, allusion, metaphor, epistrophe and others.
-Let students collaborate again to determine the FUNCTION of at least three of the
most prominent literary devices, and HOW each device works to achieve the
- Let students work individually to craft topic sentences for each of the body
paragraphs, in which they name the device and how it functions.
- If time allows, let students craft a concluding statement that summarizes the
purpose(s) of Lincoln's speech and how the literary devices function to motivate
the Union citizens to keep fighting in the war against the South (may be done as
homework if time runs out).