JEFFERSON VILLAGE (Sixth Revision, 1985)
INTRODUCTION: The following design evolved between1975 and 1985 during a graduate seminar on small communities and utopian designs. It began as an example of the kind of paper the seminar members were expected to write by the end of the semester incorporating some of othe ideas covered in class and readings. Through discussions, criticisms, and suggestions received over ten years fthe design grew into what appeared to be a surprisingly workable project encompassing an unusuaoly broad range of social, economic, and politcal issues as well as the physical structure and layout of the community. Subsequent developments in computer technology, energy productionl and use, and urban farming over the past three deacdes seem to make it even more even more enticing as a fairly realistic proposal for urban development in a decaysed urban core. Fearing that the idieas might be lost among other unpublished paper, it is posted here in hopes that a few others may find it useful as boath an intellecuat exer4cise and possibly as a viable project.
Allan Feldt, Professor Emeritus, The University of Michigan
PROBLEM: To provide a livable residential environment in the decayed central city of a large metropolis which is safe, stable, socially heterogeneous, affordable, attractive, comfortable, and built at moderate urban residential densities. Criteria for evaluating proposed solutions should include:
1. The designer must be willing to live in the development.
2. The community should be highly self-reliant.
3. The community should accommodate persons at all stages of the life cycle.
4. It should attract and accommodate all social classes.
5. It should be small enough to allow a high degree of face-to-face contact and identity among residents.
6. Residents must be secure from physical violence, vandalism, and robbery in their homes and in their neighborhood.
7. The community must be self-governing but well integrated with other governments at city, state and national levels.
8. The community should be sufficiently attractive to create a moderate demand for membership by outsiders coupled with retaining a large proportion of its own descendants.
9. Gross density should be at least 25 persons per acre.