In this 5E Model activity bundle, students explore the concept that all living things are made of cells by investigating the similarities and differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. In the first explore activity, students examine different types of cells to identify similarities and reinforce the concept that all living things are made of cells. In the next explain activity, students participate in a card sort to create “rules” to characterize prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, and in the follow up discussion, record notes to solidify their understanding. In the following elaborate activity, students will utilize a web resource (video) to reinforce the differences between these types of cells and then use the video to sort characteristics and examples into three categories: prokaryotic cells, eukaryotic cells, both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Students will apply their understanding to evaluate claims presented. Lastly, they will be introduced to the modern cell theory and evaluate what evidence they have collected to support modern cell theory.
This activity is part of the middle school unit Organization of Living Things: Body Invaders and is designed to follow the launch sequence, Is It Alive?: A Closer Look At Viruses. It is followed by the explore/explain/elaborate activity bundle, Exploring Plant and Animal Cells.
This activity bundle is part of a complete unit that builds towards these standards:
Conduct an investigation to provide evidence that living things are made of cells; either one cell or many different numbers and types of cells.
Develop and use a model to describe the function of a cell as a whole and ways the parts of cells contribute to the function.
Use argument supported by evidence for how the body is a system of interacting subsystems composed of groups of cells.
5E Model Phase: Explore, Explain, Elaborate,
>> Students will conduct an investigation to provide evidence that living things are made of cells.
>> Students will identify similarities and differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
>> I can provide evidence that all living things are made of cells.
>> I can identify similarities and differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Science and Engineering Practices:
Asking Questions and Defining Problems
Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
Structure and Function
Scale, Proportion, and Quantity
For the first activity – Exploring Cells – knowledge of microscope use is valuable. However, you could also set up stations with pre-focused microscopes. Each of the cells should be labeled so students know what type of cell they are looking at.
For the second activity – Sorting Cells – students should have been introduced to the idea that living things are made of cells, and there are different types of cells. This activity does not require microscope skills.
The third activity – Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells – is an explain activity designed to reinforce the concepts students developed during the first two activities. These understandings should be further developed in additional activities to fully address the unit performance expectations.
These explore and explain activities were designed to follow an engage activity, specifically for this unit bundle: Is It Alive? (A Closer Look At Viruses). Is It Alive? is one activity in the complete Body Invaders: Organization of Living Things unit. Is It Alive? is not included in this resource. You can find additional resources in the iExploreScience store on TeachersPayTeachers or at the Science Teacher Tribe.
Teacher Guide (10 pages)
Student Activity Sheets (7 pages)
includes Answer Keys
For related resources, don’t forget to check out…
Copyright © iExploreScience LLC. All pages of this product are copyrighted, and all rights are reserved by the author. You may not create anything to sell or share based on this packet. The product is created for the use of ONE teacher. Please do not share with colleagues. If they like the product, please send them to my TpT store. I appreciate your support with this request! You are permitted to share ONLY the cover image of this product on your blog or via social media as long as you link back to my product on TpT. Failure to comply is a copyright infringement and a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA). Clipart and elements found in this PDF are copyrighted and cannot be extracted and used outside of this file without permission or license. Intended for classroom and personal use ONLY.