Distributive Property of Multiplication CENTER

Grade Levels
3rd - 5th
Resource Type
Formats Included
  • PDF
102 pages
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  1. In the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics, this important multiplication property is introduced in third grade. It is one of several multiplication properties that are used to make problems easier to solve. The Distributive Property is used to break down more complex math problems by distri
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This multiplication property is just one of several that are used to make problems easier to solve. The Distributive Property is used to break down more complex math problems by distributing factors. Every grade level will build upon this math concept that becomes very necessary in Algebra.


This center will give your students hands-on practice with the Distributive Property of Multiplication that is fun and engaging! Students will use the mats to practice this multiplication property for x5, x6, x7, x8, and x9. Answer keys to make this center self-correcting. The center can also be used as small group work or for intervention.


  • First, the student must look at the large array and see where the Ninja is splitting it.
  • Then the student uses the multiplication sentence cards to describe each of the 2 smaller arrays.
  • Next, the student finds the distributive property sentence that adds the 2 arrays.
  • All work is recorded on a recording sheet.
  • Answer keys are used to check
  • Once the student has completed all 5 sets, there is a Writing Reflection sheet to fill out to assess the understanding of the Distributive Property of Multiplication.


  • 20 color mats*
  • multiplication sentences and distributive property sentences
  • center instructions for students
  • answer keys
  • recording sheet
  • writing reflection sheet
  • center labels
  • Distributive Property of Multiplication Poster
  • Bonus section with 10 Word Problems at DOK 2 and 3
  • Grayscale versions of the 20 the mats and all supporting materials

*The mats are colorful and each set has a different animal Ninja character for easy grouping. Black and white versions of the mats are provided for printing as well. Center labels are provided to clearly label each set.


  • This bonus section is a set of 10 word problems at DOK levels 2 and 3.
  • Each problem is on one sheet so it can be put into a sheet protector and used in a center.
  • Other uses include formative assessment, independent work, or group or partner work.
  • Each problem requires or encourages the use of the Distributive Property of Multiplication.


  • print
  • laminate
  • cut
  • store
  • use!


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Interested in more resources for math for:

★ distributive property

★ multiplication properties

★ multiplication resources

★ addition properties

★ math centers

★ math games

★ area and perimeter

★ geometry


Use the CUSTOM CATEGORY Multiplication Properties to find additional resources to teach the Properties of Multiplication.


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Total Pages
102 pages
Answer Key
Teaching Duration
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to see state-specific standards (only available in the US).
Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide. Examples: If 6 × 4 = 24 is known, then 4 × 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative property of multiplication.) 3 × 5 × 2 can be found by 3 × 5 = 15, then 15 × 2 = 30, or by 5 × 2 = 10, then 3 × 10 = 30. (Associative property of multiplication.) Knowing that 8 × 5 = 40 and 8 × 2 = 16, one can find 8 × 7 as 8 × (5 + 2) = (8 × 5) + (8 × 2) = 40 + 16 = 56. (Distributive property.)


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