How could introducing rabbits into the rainforest affect that habitat? What would a passport for Christopher Columbus look like? In the story, Hansel and Gretel, instead of dropping breadcrumbs, how could the children avoid getting lost in the woods? Our new, 21st Century standards require students to argue, inform, and explain. Divergent thinking questions offer opportunities for students to demonstrate original, elaborate, and flexible thinking, enabling them to become actively involved in the subject matter being taught. This resource promotes the use of essential questions and accountable talk. It includes sample "What If" questions, a Unit Topic worksheet, Picture Book Divergent Thinking Resource, Poetry Tic-Tac-Toe, and Fiction/Nonfiction Writing Activities.