Context Clues and Word Elimination (Cloze Method) strategies have been proven to enhance the comprehension of higher level texts. Due to this finding, I have used these methods with my middle school students.
First, I copied and pasted the entire article, *The Road to the Nuremberg Trials*, onto a Google Doc. Then, I chunked each paragraph or separate passage within the text.
Secondly, I placed engaging visuals that directly aligned with the text within the document.
Thirdly, I read through the passages again to denote Tier 2 and three terms that I knew that my students may not know and eliminated them. I placed a line or blank line in its place. I checked to ensure that there were definitive words/phrases around the missing word that could verify or prove the term's meaning within its context.
Fourthly, I created multiple choice terms: Three (3) are incorrect and one (1) was the missing term.
Fifth, I added an EXPLANATION box where the students are to explain why their answer choice was correct using EVIDENCE from the text.
NOTE: During the process, the students must go through the following steps:
1. Read the passage.
2. Read the terms.
3. Think about what word would LOGICALLY fit in the missing blank based upon the sentences and phrases within the text.
4. Indicate your word choice.
5. Turn and Talk with your group members to explain your thinking.
6. Explain your findings in COMPLETE SENTENCES using EVIDENCE FROM the TEXT to JUSTIFY your answer choice. **This process is first scaffolded by me using Think-Alouds and annotations several times as I gradually release the level of responsibility to the students.
For demonstration purposes, I have included a key for the activity. The responses are based on the proficient and advanced levels (3 and 4). Please feel free to modify it as you deem necessary.