This lesson focuses on the elements of a story and the form and function of a fable. Students will review fictional elements such as plot structure and theme/moral. They will review one or two fables together and identify the moral message of the fable. After they have a clear understanding of what a fable is and what purpose it serves, they will then write their own fable. There is a catch though - they will need to include a specific animal and a specific moral lesson into their fable (these will both be assigned to them randomly by drawing from a hat). All of the materials are included for you: a guided step-by-step focus and structural outline, plan of action, and class materials. The animals and moral lessons are provided for you - you will need to print pages 3 and 4, cut them up, and have the students draw one of each for their fable writing assignment. There is a rubric on page 5 for your convenience. This is a really fun activity that allows students to be creative and/or silly. It can certainly be modified for lower or upper grades.