Explore the fascinating kingdoms of ancient Africa! This book covers the mighty African kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhay--rich in culture and tradition--that sprang up along the continent s west coast as far back as 300 B.C. Rivaling the great ancient civilizations of Egypt, Greece, and Rome, these early African cultures, through strength and ingenuity, overcame tremendous odds in adapting to the often harsh African climate and environment. Special emphasis is given to the rich tradition of African arts in the form of music, dance, and sculpture as well as to the prominence of religion and the importance of the family as principal organizing features of African society. An extensive teacher guide, crossword puzzles, map activities, comprehension questions, as well as critical thinking questions are included.