Then and Now: Early Canada, First Canadian Children and Residential Schools
“Canada, Then and Now” is designed to facilitate thinking, exploring, examining, sequencing and discovering how things have changed and keep changing in communities and in Canada today.
This booklet has 36 pages and is designed for Grade 2, but may also be used for grade 3 and 4 in some cases.
Some of the topics covered in this booklet include:
- Canadian Flag
- Birth of a Nation
- First Canadians
- Leaders of Canada
- Orange T-Shirt-Day
- Schools: Then and Now
- School Chores
- School Games
- Further Discussion Questions
Students will begin by examining a photo of a city street in Canada from 1896. Through the topic of transportation, students will think about changes and technology and create a book/timeline of pictures from “then” and “now”.
This will lead to an examination of Canada’s previous unofficial flag and the realization that symbols represent people groups and lands. Students will then examine a photo of our first Canadian leaders and consider some of the changes that have occurred over time. Students will consider the “first Canadian children” and look briefly at residential schools and consider the value of the freedom of choice and the beginnings of “Orange T-shirt Day”.
Discussion on the topic of residential schools is limited here, but respectfully mentioned on a level small children can understand. As students begin to consider the freedom of choice and make connections to the fact that this was not the case for the First People of Canada at the time of the beginnings of Canada, they may or may not have more questions.
Finally, students will consider how schools have changed. This will include discussions and writing about chores and games.
Students will be encouraged to engage with topics through thinking, creating, expressing, writing, playing and wondering. A write at the end of the study is included that could be used for assessment.