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2 Early River Valley Civilizations
The Need: These earliest of civilizations formed on river banks. They, like their progeny, would face problems and have to accommodate or perish. Will they? How do they do it? Do technology, geography and religion play parts?
Content list: Ode to the Code (Hammurabi’s); Early River Valley Civilization; (if not covered yet the crossovers from file 1- Cultura and Origins)
Discussion of content: The Ode takes us through Hammurabi’s intent of the state for the first known time taking responsibility for social ills with simply stated laws and corresponding punishments. Hammy has his reasons, one being the desire to bring more unity. OK, as with each poem, there’s a fly in the ointment, there’s a point of debate, of opinion, that should impact the citizens interaction with their government. This time? Should our governments be responsible for citizens? How far? Who else could/should be responsible? How do governments affect this- money trees? Can there be inherent dangers with governments going off into minute laws controlling much of life? What kind of laws do you deem essential? Who should control the making of laws? Should there be a review of these laws? How often? Is there room for ‘non-essential ‘ laws? How important is unity? What kinds of unity are there? Do laws play a role? How? Give examples.
One needn’t involve every class in many of these questions. Our citizens will come from AP to general backgrounds. Teachers or facilitators need to judge their ‘soldiers’, their ‘academic athletes’ and build discussions around their ‘team’ (class) to be great and the to bring the greatest assistance to society. In mixed ability classes, a mixture of oral and written debate and essays could help the weak and the strong.