This reading passage helps students understand the components of the Sun-Earth-Moon system and how those components interact with one another and how their movements impact phenomenon on Earth. The reading passage covers the concepts of rotation and revolution within the Sun-Earth-Moon system and the daily, monthly and yearly patterns observed as a result of those movements.
After the students finish the reading passage, they can demonstrate what they know using the student page “Patterns We Can Observe.” Students will cut out different examples, such as changes in shadow length or the lunar cycle, and determine if they are daily, monthly, or yearly patterns. They can then glue the pattern in the correct part of the graphic organizer.
Big idea: Our everyday life on Earth is dependent on our relationship with the sun and moon. The interactions between Earth, Sun, and Moon dictate many cycles we experience, such as day-night cycle, seasons, and the lunar cycle. In addition, the Sun is the foundation for the cycling of matter and energy that occurs here on Earth.
What’s Included in This Product
-"Movements of Sun, Earth, and Moon" Reading Passage
-"Patterns We Can Observe” Cut-and-Glue Student Page
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Core Disciplinary Ideas
• ESS1.B: Earth and the Solar System
o This model of the solar system can explain eclipses of the Sun and the moon. Earth’s spin axis is fixed in direction over the short-term but tilted relative to its orbit around the Sun. The seasons are a result of that tilt and are caused by the differential intensity of sunlight on different areas of Earth across the year (MS-ESS1-1)
• ESS1.B: Earth and the Solar System
o The orbits of Earth around the Sun and of the moon around Earth, together with the rotation of Earth about an axis between its North and South poles, cause observable patterns. These include day and night; daily changes in the length and direction of shadows; and different positions of the Sun, moon, and stars at different times of the day, month, and year. (5-ESS1-2)
Crosscutting Concepts: Patterns, Cause and Effect, Scale, Proportion, and Quantity, Systems and System Models, Energy and Matter
Common Core State Standards
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.1, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.2, CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.4
Science Texas Essential Knowledge and Sills (TEKS)
4.8CD – TSIET demonstrate that Earth rotates on its axis once approximately every 24 hours causing the day/night cycle and the apparent movement of the Sun across the sky; and compare the physical characteristics of the Sun, Earth, and Moon.
8.7A – TSIET model and illustrate how the tilted Earth rotates on its axis, causing day and night, and revolves around the Sun causing changes in seasons;
Sun, Earth, moon, rotation, revolution, day-night cycle, seasons, lunar cycle, tilted axis, patterns, cycles, reading comprehension, expository text, non-fiction