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Earth, Moon and Sun System: Developing Models NGSS MS-ESS1-1

Grade Levels
6th - 8th
Formats Included
  • Zip
89 pages
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  1. This bundle for Earth and Space Science for middle school NGSS covers all the standards for Middle School Earth’s Place in the Universe. Students will develop models of the Earth-Sun-Moon system, explain gravity in galaxies, and determine the scale and properties of objects in the solar system. This
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Learning Objective

Students will make a model with the Earth, Sun and Moon to show the lunar phases, eclipses and seasons.


Students will make a model of the Earth, Sun, and Moon system and demonstrate an understanding of phases of the moon, causes of the seasons, and how eclipses happen. Students will love making a model to demonstrate the relationship between the sun, moon, and earth. Students will learn the concepts involved in the Sun, Moon, and Earth System.

This unit includes:

  • a slide show
  • phenomena
  • hands-on labs
  • four pages of informational text passages
  • comprehension pages
  • interactive notebook flaps
  • response pages
  • assessment
  • Interactive notebook flaps
  • answer keys

This resource is meant to fully address the NGSS MS-ESS1-1 Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun and moon, and seasons. Excellent for middle school science! [Clarification Statement: Examples of models can be physical, graphical, or conceptual.] This comes from the Earth’s Place in the Universe Strand in the Next Generation Science Standards. This resource uses phenomena to engage students in scientific exploration. Science concepts include why we have seasons, solar and lunar eclipses, and lunar phases.

Students will investigate with hands-on labs and physical models, they will create conceptual models and they will read informational text about solar and lunar eclipses, lunar phases, and seasons.  Students will understand that the patterns of movement between the Earth, Sun, and moon have a specific relationship to lunar phases, solar and lunar eclipses and they will understand that the tilt of the Earth is the reason we have seasons. Students will use critical thinking while working with models and will be able to explain concepts such as the new moon, solar eclipse, lunar eclipse, and phases of the moon.

Please note the PPT included is not editable. It is secure for copyright reasons.

This resource is full of engaging activities about the relationship between the movement of the moon, Sun, and Earth.  It includes an informative slide show that gives students an overview of the patterns of movement in the solar system, particularly the Sun, Earth, and Earth’s moon system.

After the slideshow overview there are three distinct mini-units:

  1. Lunar Phases
  2. Seasons
  3. Solar and Lunar Eclipses


If all pages are used at the suggested schedule, this unit will take about 19 days to complete. It includes 84 pages and slides.

This resource includes a slide show, four pages of informational text passages, interactive notebook inserts, response pages, answer keys and quizzes in the end-of-year testing format. Perfect for Middle School Science on lunar phases, seasons and eclipses.

Students will use the following NGSS science and engineering practices:

  • Science and Engineering Practices used by students:
  • Asking questions
  • Developing and using models
  • Planning and carrying out investigations
  • Analyzing and interpreting data
  • Constructing explanations
  • Engaging in argument from evidence
  • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information

Save 20% by purchasing in a bundle: Earth's Place in the Universe

Created by Lynda R. Williams

Teaching Science With Lynda

* My resources are secure and not editable for copyright reasons. 

These resources are created by Lynda R. Williams at Teaching Science

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See my other resources for NGSS

Weather and Climate NGSS Bundle

Ecosystem Bundle NGSS Middle School

Middle School Physical Science Bundle

Total Pages
89 pages
Answer Key
Teaching Duration
1 month
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to see state-specific standards (only available in the US).
Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun and moon, and seasons. Examples of models can be physical, graphical, or conceptual.
Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and explain how it is conveyed in the text.
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings.
Analyze in detail how a key individual, event, or idea is introduced, illustrated, and elaborated in a text (e.g., through examples or anecdotes).
Determine a central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.


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