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How does Earth move in space?
The Earth moves by both rotating and revolving. 1 rotation on its axis happens in a 24 hour period, giving us one full day. 1 revolution around the sun happens in 365 days, giving us one full year.
Content limits: Students will describe how the rotation of Earth and apparent movement of the Sun, Moon, and/or stars are related; Students will explain that the Earth revolves around the Sun in a year; Students will explain that Earth rotates on its axis in a 24-hour day; items will not assess the causes of seasons, directness of sunlight, or Earth’s tilt.
The moon looks different over the course of a month because of the changing position of the Earth, moon, and sun. All three bodies work together to create what we see as phases. This is a repeating pattern.
Content limits: Students will describe the visual changes in the appearance of the Moon; items will assess a conceptual understanding of the apparent movements of the Sun, Moon, and stars and resulting patterns; items will not assess the causes of moon phases; items will not assess or use vocabulary associated with moon phases, such as waning, waxing, and gibbous; items will not assess solar or lunar eclipses.
3. End with post-assessment
Assessment Answers: 1. C; 2. B; 3. C; 4. D; 5. A